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Lecture 9

SOCC38H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Neoliberalism, Postfeminism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCC38H3
Professor
Ann Mullen
Lecture
9

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WEEK 9, LEC
FINAL ESSAY
- Go beyond description. Have an analysis of gender experiences in schooling
- Topics: Non-co-ed gym class (Argument example: schoolgender
saliencegender bodies), Examining socialization, Doing Gender and Gender
Transgression Zone—the Significance of the Role of the Teacher,
- Incorporate readings from class. GTZ and etc.
- Don’t just describe, but also analyze with the readings
- DO’s and DON’T
oSimply descriptive
oDon’t be casual and informal
oCreative title—Example: High School Gym Curriculum and it’s Hidden
Curriculum or Examining socialization, “Doing Gender” and “Gender
Transgression Zone”—the Significance of the Role of the Teacher
A title will really show if you have a good essay or not..
oAnalyze experience, but do not do personal reactions. Our experience is
our data, but don’t place too much significance on it
oDon’t just compare our experience to what the Author’s talked about.
oStrong thesis!
- How is it gender oriented? Why was it gender oriented? What
aspects made it gender oriented?
oGo right on in the examples/experiences that are to be analyzed and don’t
spend time on useless information
oGo beyond what was seen in class (experience) and what was talked
about in the readings
DISCUSSION
- Relation between school and the type of masculinity and femininity that is valued
- Messner—Analysis in different levels. Interaction—Doing Gender and popularity.
Structural level—class tracking and etc.. Cultural Symbol – How do children
share emersion in popular culture, provided a set of symbolic resources for
creation of differences?
- Influence of popular culture and cultural discourses available for constructing
femininity
- 3 authors set their articles around ‘failing boys”
- 5 Key Terms: “Failing Boys”, Sexism, Feminism, Post feminism, neoliberalism,
discourses, Gender as relational
- Schools are responsible for boys being more likely to drop out, going to
detention, and getting lower grades compared to girls (THE WAR AGAINST
BOYS: HOW MISGUDED FEMININSM IS HARMING OUR YOUNG—
CHRISTINA)
- WHY BOYS ARE FAILING IN AN EDUCATINAL SYSTEM STACKED AGAINST
THEM
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oArticle about a boys crisis or ‘failing boys’
- Sexism—What is Sexism? The belief that one sex, usually male, is naturally
superior to the other. And should dominate the most important areas of political,
economic and social life. Can also consist of attitude of behaviours that are
based on traditional stereotypes. (Women making better nurses, men having
better quantitative skills). Discrimination or devaluation based on a person’s sex.
(Being thought of having lesser ability on a job based on sex)
oCanada—Hasn’t had an official female prime minister, same with US—no
female president. Female artists are less likely to get their own show, or
their own art. Most CEOs are usually males.
- Feminism—Very few females associated themselves as being feminism—
possibly because of the negative misconceptions associated with it. Thought that
women should have the same social, political and economic rights as men.
Basically, same rights that are equal to those of men
oEmma Watson UN Speech
Feminism has become an unpopular word. Expressions are seen
as too strong, too aggressive, isolated, anti-men and unattractive.
- Gender Discourses
oDiscourses come from Foucault. Defines discourse as a system of
thoughts as opposed of ideas, beliefs and practices that systematically
construct our identity
oIdeas that we have in the world help construct who we are.
oHow discourses legitimate social power. A discourse gives us an idea
what we consider a current truth. What we think is true and relation to
discourses that are circulating. How these truths are maintained also rely
on discourses.
oHow this is related to language, religion, gender, race and etc.
DIANE REAY – ‘SPICE GIRLS’, ‘NICE GIRLS’, ‘GIRLIES’, AND ‘TOMBOYS’: GENDER
DISCOURSES, GIRLS’ CULTURES AND FEMININITIES IN THE PRIMARY
CLASSROOM
- Connects to the idea that boy’s crisis in education. This has been also very
prevalent in Canada
- Asks in this context where boys are being disadvantaged, what types of lessons
are boys and girls learning about gender in schooling?
- Boys are being identified as the victims/disadvantages—What are they learning?
- Takes issue with dichotomous of girls vs. boys. Relates to Interplanetary theory
of gender. Suggests the idea that ALL women are different compared to ALL
men. Reinforces idea of competition between boys and girls.
- Failing boys/unachieving boys discourse suggests that girls are achieving and
succeeding
- Starts from position that girls are on average doing better. However, does this
lead to the conclusion that boys are failing?
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