SOCC40H3 Lecture Notes - Heredity, Social Fact

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Published on 25 Oct 2011
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SOCC40 LECTURE 2
LIFE
-he was the guy who wanted to have a theory of everything
-he also wanted to devise a theory of evolution --> he is one of the last
grand theorists of sociology
-there aren't many grand theorists of sociology but it usually ends in
epic failure
-right before he died, he went from most powerful being in sociology to
forgotten - interesting fact
-he is still used in sociology because almost everything in sociology
stems from one of his theory- they are either expanded, critiqued ..
-graduated from university, went on to study in university with max
weber's brother then went to harvard
-first major book was published in 1937- "structure of social fact"
-he went on to translate most of weber's work
+from there became a celebrity
-had a personal crisis in the middle of his life- many of his family died
at the same time- went into psycho-analysis
-went on and learned about it and then tried to introduce it (especially
freud theory) into his sociology
-in the 60's starting to come under attack
-after that became an exile in sociology
-he described himself as the "incurable theorist"- thought everyone
was one
-thought people interpret everything from theory and if that the case
he believed people should be explicit with them
-he believed to study humans beings you had to study them as actors
+ to understand it as an action
+need a vocabulary to formulate that framework
-thought in moderation--> cant think of humans a gods or as rocks \
ACTION FRAME OF REFERENCE
what is a frame? = WHAT
-think of a window- key aspect is that a window that we look into
selects only some part of the world for us to look at
+ thats what scientific theory does looks at some part of world to study
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reference? = HOW
-think of the colour of the window, ex- looking for a blue colours
window certain parts are, more easier for you to see certain thing
so frame is what your looking at while reference is how your looking
at it
-RESIDUAL FRAME OF REFERENCE- are the things that fall out of
the piont of reference that is being used
ex. action would be the residual category if your were looking out the
window from a biological frame of reference
THE UNIT ACT
1.CONDITIONS
-what does an act consist of?
+first thing are the condition of which we act
-any action we do there are things in the world that will restrict us ex.
flying around the world- cant because of the law of gravity
-if there were no condition we would be Gods
-when thinking of action we have to understand there are conditions-
these are things we can't do anything about
2. MEAN
-these are the elements of situation that provide us with tools that help
us to realize out goals
ex. be king of the universe- to bad no actual means of me to become
means of the universe- there is no route so there is no mean, it is just a
fantasy
- if there is a route than it is not a fantasy, your act turns in a
possibility
3. GOALS
-you have to have a goal that your reaching
-if you have no purpose you are not acting
4.NORMS
- we always have to choose which act to take
-which actions are best
ex. we may have a norm which action is best - if your norm is to be
healthy
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