Class Notes (807,235)
Canada (492,664)
Sociology (2,411)
SOCC03H3 (15)
Joe Hermer (13)

Lecture 2- 18th September, 2013 .docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Joe Hermer

Collective Behaviour SOCC03 Lecture 2 18 September, 2013 Classic Examples of Collective Behaviour - is collective behaviour even useful at all? Collective Behaviour - Relatively spontaneous unstructured extra institutional behaviour of a fairly large number of individuals. - It is not a really specific definition - It is relatively spontaneous and structured - For example, is the collection of people in a classroom collective behaviour? No it is not. Is driving collectively on a highway collective behaviour? No, because it is a conventional behaviour, there is nothing really spontaneous, you are part of a crowd and a group but it is not collective behaviour. What happens if there is an accident, and people ran from their car, this would be collective behaviour. This is spontaneous, there is a type of structure to it, the structure is often time chaos, it can be institutionalize and there can be institutional responses. - One of the interesting thing about collective behaviour is the spontaneousness, the fact that it erupts in comparison to everyday behaviour - Most behaviour is not classic collective behaviour - Difference between conventional behaviour and collective behaciour is a matter of degree. Collective behaviour is becoming a grey area - A lot of everyday behaviour falls in a sort of grey area, yes our day is taken up by usually everyday behaviour and there is collective behaviour. But a great deal of our behaviour is in a sort of grey area. It is this grey area that interests us, and tells us things about social forces, about media, technology and so on. - This is particularly true because of technology. Technology has changed people’s conception of space and time. - There is a lot of things with digital media, and a sense of consciousness has change concerning space and time. - Technology has changed our consciousness and challenges some of our collective behaviour The Public and the Crowd (Tarde) p. 21 - There is a difference between the public and crowd - The public is scattered and diffuse only connected through a common interest - The crowd compact, members are in close physical proximity - Traditionally there are four types of crowds - Casual- people who just happen to be in the same place at the same time - Conventional- are in close proximity but they tend to have a common purpose. A lecture for example - Expressive- this is like conventional but expressive goes further and instead of having a common purpose and being in spatial proximity and having a emotional connection to the crow. An example is a concert. - Acting- this is a crowd that takes on physical activity, often it is rioting or some sort of organized action. Often a mob kinds of activity. - With technology, public and crowd are creating hybrid form of collection. - The public and the mass can act as a crowd through social media, this is due to technology. You don’t physically have to be in a crowd - Technology has expanded the possibility for agency and the possibility for action to people who aren’t physically connected. Actions has now been exploded beyond physical boundaries. - This has changed for several years, can be because of twitter or a little bit before Sammy Yatim got shot on the subway - One police officer fired 8 shots and he was tazered and died. - What happened after? - There were 20 officers there and one of them used force, but was this collective behaviour by the classical definition? Spontaneous and structured, rule breaking or abnormal? - Not sure, a lot of the inquiries that are going to be going on about this shooting, is to look at how much this was a type of collective behaviour? - We expect an institutional response for things like this and not a collective behaviour response. - This upset a lot of people, they asked was this how the police operate or is it something that just got out of hand. - After the shooting, there were rallies, protests this was collective behaviour, this was semi structures, abnormal and spontaneous. - Memorial sites that go up from someone who died in a traffic accident or shooting. This clearly fits into the classic definition of collective behaviour. - The most horrifying response to the situation was not from people who were in close proximity but from people on social media, such as twitter and facebook. Saint Mary’s Sex Chant - During frosh events there was 80 frosh leaders that lead 300-400 students and they had several chants one of which was video taped and insta
More Less

Related notes for SOCC03H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.