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Lecture 4

Lecture 4- 2nd October, 2013.docx

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Joe Hermer

SOCC44 Collective Behaviour Lecture 4 2 October, 2013 Midterm 1. Goode Chapter 1 to page 38 2. Chapter 2 to page 73 3. Chapter 3 4. Locher Midterm is 5-8 Short Answer Questions (some shorter than others) Very specific questions, feel free to write in first person Cover all lectures and readings 1. Define Collective behaviour, spontaneous, unstructures, institutional. Second part going to give a scenario and ask if the scenario is collective behaviour or more specifically if it has a high contact of collective behaviour. Collective Behaviour - Relatively spontaneous unstructured extra institutional behaviour of a fairly large number of individuals. - It is not a really specific definition - It is relatively spontaneous and unstructured - For example, is the collection of people in a classroom collective behaviour? No it is not. Is driving collectively on a highway collective behaviour? No, because it is a conventional behaviour, there is nothing really spontaneous, you are part of a crowd and a group but it is not collective behaviour. What happens if there is an accident, and people ran from their car, this would be collective behaviour. This is spontaneous, there is a type of structure to it, the structure is often time chaos, it can be institutionalize and there can be institutional responses. - One of the interesting thing about collective behaviour is the spontaneousness, the fact that it erupts in comparison to everyday behaviour - Most behaviour is not classic collective behaviour - Difference between conventional behaviour and collective behaciour is a matter of degree. Collective behaviour is becoming a grey area - A lot of everyday behaviour falls in a sort of grey area, yes our day is taken up by usually everyday behaviour and there is collective behaviour. But a great deal of our behaviour is in a sort of grey area. It is this grey area that interests us, and tells us things about social forces, about media, technology and so on. - This is particularly true because of technology. Technology has changed people’s conception of space and time. - There is a lot of things with digital media, and a sense of consciousness has change concerning space and time. - Technology has changed our consciousness and challenges some of our collective behaviour 2. Describe the public and crowd distinction, this includes four different types of crowds and then secondly going to ask how this distinction, public and crowd in terms of physical proximity how that distinction is blurred. How crowds no longer has to rely on physical proximity. For example acting crowd, best example is cyber bullying. The Public and the Crowd (Tarde) p. 21 - There is a difference between the public and crowd - The public is scattered and diffuse only connected through a common interest - The crowd compact, members are in close physical proximity - Traditionally there are four types of crowds - Casual- people who just happen to be in the same place at the same time - Conventional- are in close proximity but they tend to have a common purpose. A lecture for example - Expressive- this is like conventional but expressive goes further and instea
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