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socc11 lec 2.docx

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Rania Salem

th Socc11 lecture 2 (January 16 ) Essay outline: 200 words, central theme related to the course; hTH our going to answer your rq, include 3 themes, cite 3 academic sources due February 6 What does the police do? -look at the police budget; $950 million: the Toronto police doesn’t even know how they use theyre breakdown for policing costs -they carry out specific type of functions but the question is still unclear; what are their obligations? Services that theyre unable to prepare and offer due to expectations of community order and lack of resources? -look at police missions and mandates: 1. Rcmp mission; canada’s national police service, proactive and innovative mission, provide quality service in partnership with communities, ensure team building, safe communities 2. Toronto police services; to keep Toronto the best and safest place to be, treat everyone in an ethical safe manner, assist people in achieving their goals/views, and keep a positive attitude 3. Safe Ontario 4. The London policers committed to providing a safe community through partnership, foster caring, ensure equitable workplace -the word crime isn’t mentioned once in these missions, only the rcmp says about the law enforcements, but the rest don’t mention. The common themes are safety and security for each of these mandates; a very vague notion of safety and security, most mission statements emphasize an equitable safe workplace where their own employees are treated with dignity and work for those that value them. There is a tone of efficiency and accountability. Theyre recruitment tools; they have workplace for positive values -at one point the police wants to promote safety and security yet theyre having a difficult time carrying out fundamental roles th -during the 19 century, public police turned into social policy: governing everyday life -there are echoes and linkages between past and present police expectations regarding safety and security as a social policy and how we can live safe and secure lives -historically police and police power has been tied to peace -police tied to order and good government to ‘peace’ -criminal code of Canada usually refers not to police officers, but ‘peace officers’ -legally, constitutionally, police officers are peace officers -policing is political, a product of current culture, social and economic conditions. -policing has shifted with the nature of government—neoliberalism (reconfigured the ways in which individuals are in terms of social order. The main characteristics of neoliberalism is the idea of privatization (less government), commodification of services and a faith of market forces and self-responsibility) -radical shift with state governments and policing; one shift is student loans; consciousness -7o’s-80’s: public forces; monopoly called social order and crime control. Now the shift that’s taken place is one where police forces (now called police services) lost their monopoly where they were the only ones for law enforcments and safety, which you eventually had was the flattening of police forces/services Policing: any activity that is expressly designed and intended to establish and maintain (or enforce) a defined order within a community (p.g 23) Defined order: a set of explicit or implicit norms designed to regulate behaviors (conduct), relationships, or expression and to provide for the establishment of institutions and procedures -may be defined formally as the ‘law’ or informally as ‘customs and traditions’ -the gap between law and norms is vexing and sometimes volatile -defined order includes enforcing the law and norms, it can be outside the law of social expectations and traditions, -there is a tenuous connection to laws. Even in the enforcement of law, the connection with norms is often tenuous (weak). (e.g) when you get a speeding ticket; a mala prohibita offence; against the law because the law says so. Traffic act, liquor act, speeding tickets are all reasonable laws for social order. What effect they have for producing norms or connection with morality is tenuous. If we break these laws its not a moral crime, just against the law -mala prohibita offences are often victimless, low level of consensus
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