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c11 lec 5

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Rania Salem

C11 Wk 5 David Chen: and couple of his coworkers spotted an hour later who shoplifted them, chased the guy down and stuck in him in a van, hog tied him, physically assaulted him, and the shopkeeper was charged with forceful confinement and assault and the thief was found not guilty -what should the shopkeeper do in these situations? Gained sympathy through the public, he was found committing a criminal offence -legislation always written in a vague way intentionally so it can be changed later on -charter of rights and freedom secure basic rights and freedom such as security of person but it only applies to governmental bodies, doesn’t apply to the private sector, so, if you’re dealing with a security guard, the charter doesn’t apply, the charter only exits to restrain authority of state and government -security guards not well paid, not armed. It’s unlikely that in a lot of contracts security supervisors that hire security guards have instructions of how to chase people down -in terms of liability, for private security company means that these powers are simply not exercised e.g, if you’re a security guard, don’t have that much training, or pay/benefits, it’s highly unlikely that you’ll risk your life to chase the culprit down -policing is political in a broad sense, subject to sae forces that other institutions are -but in this case, it politicized in terms of public policy and police officers carrying out their job -double bind between the behavior of responsible citizens and vigilantes -vigilanties starting to play a huge role where so called civilians defence forces have formed e.g, night’s templer. Vigilantly self-defence forces are taking the law into their own hands, disrupting safe houses, extremely well-armed and causing problems for the Mexican government Moving sound technology: mosquito -device that admits the sound of a buzzing insect, used as anti-loitering young teen device. Ppl who want to stop teens from hanging around, such as parks school grounds after hours or communal spaces -its capably of admitting high frequencies, most mosquitos used are run by 18khz that 25 and under can hear. The lower khz go down, the more ppl can hear it -it’s a device to regulate teens that are seen hanging around, loitering. It’s a mundane physical regulation that shopkeepers find is useful to keep teenagers away from their stores since police officers barely take theft seriously -currently used in N.A and Europe -extremely popular in UK, 5000 mosquito devices, its being challenged in courts for human rights -Vancouver school board had them installed for a while after hours, each cost about $3000, they’re discriminatory, thus, forced to take them down -device also used for panhandlers and homeless people Community Policing -related to police legitimacy and pressure to take into account civic concerns in the 1980’s -has become an almost meaningless term—now ubiquitous (global) -emergence of community policing thought of as a break through because there was tremendous public pressure on policing, they were police forces not services but this started to change due to legitimacy issues and high crime rates which made them lose faith from the public -they were protectors of the public, techniques to reduce crime, initially, community policing’s operation did community policing patrols, had stations -community policing is a meaningless term of what the police does because all of policing is now community policing, they all emphasize partnership with community and civil society. It doesn’t tell us very much anymore, a descriptor today -community policing was carried out in places that didn’t have communities, tightly knit neighborhoods that had a lot of social cohesion and ppl watching the streets and generally had lower crime rates. They tended to focus on places that had less of these qualities and focused more on housing estates, areas where ethical/racial minorities lived, and problems with homelessness/drug addiction -community policing is meaningless because it isn’t even carried out by police anymore, it’s a major way of lateralization or flattening to occur, often programs designate community policing is carried out by connections with private businesses/security companies or sort of whole range of actors that have interest in urbangeneration -community policing is the mixing of public and private, and lack of distinction between state and non-state providing security Zero tolerance policing -became popular in late 1980’s-1990’s -hard to define: associated with being ‘tough on crime’: strict law enforcement -Targets include: ‘quality of life’ or ‘broken windows’ offences; also drunk driving, domestic violence; some drug offences -it was a buzz, shallow word of having any substance, hard to define, police forces had zero tolerance for particular forces such as
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