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Lecture 6

SOCC11 W6.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Joyce Parga

SOCC11 L4 - There is no space that is not regulated. Even places that seem to be unregulated are informally regulated. o I.e. Organized crimes such as drug trade and sex economy o They may not be regulated by formal laws but they have their own sets of laws. Definitions of policing, community, defined order  on exam - Policing has become “lateralized” and flattened into nodal or network policing. - Trespass property act – unique legislation because it gives occupiers or surveillance more or less arrest powers to statues. o But really what is the more societal power of TPA? Who else gets power? Who is most used by?  Private security guards in mass private property  i.e. Eaton center, construction site – it will say these places are under TPA - Paid duty – It is required for a police to be present at construction site for safety standards. But it is controversial because police are trained by public funding. There is nothing wrong with police being there, but it is expensive. It is really a matter of efficiency and how public spends money. It is also controversial because there is mashing of public and private interests. For example, someone who has a concert and hires police at relatively cheap rate, isn’t it a way where the public training/authority is being used for commercial interests? On the other hand it is reasonable to have trained security to control a large number of people. Private companies have to rely on paid police. Off-duty officers can be used for traffic control, film shoots, funeral control, etc. Paid duty officers will not do these functions. You cannot hire them to help you out when you are doing business or something. - Say there is a protest between 2 opposing groups. They probably won’t stop unless there is policing. So there are these uncertainties. Four case examples: The “Lucky Moose Case” - The LM is a food mart located in Downtown Toronto owned by David Chen. 3 years ago, a man named Anthony Bennett was caught on video of shoplifting there. Chen and his colleagues chased Bennett down the alley, caught him, put them in the back of the van, tied him with a rope, and assaulted him, then called the police. Police arrived and charged Bennett as well as Chen for kidnapping, assault, and having concealed weapon. Citizens under the criminal code under TPA – they have arrest if they witnesses an offence that is being carried on in the presence, he may affect in an arrest and they can use the force necessary only to affect that arrest. Criminal code states that there is no investigation power and the force has to be reasonable in apprehending a person. The law is clear – citizens have a customary and statutory power for fowling committee – for citizens to protect themselves but not turn into police officers. If you are under physical assault, you have the common right to use force to protect themselves or other person. Only that much is accepted. You cannot do anything extra. - Vigilantism – is it appropriate for citizens to hunt people down? - This became a political issue. PM Harper met Chen. Harper promised that he would change the law. Btw the jury found Chen not guilty. In May 2012 – Bill C-60 was introduced which revised that arrest section. It was a self-defense act – t
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