SOCC25 – W4
- What is the discourse that is being described here
- What centers the daily life of individual
- What might we gain from that experience
- What kind of question might arise newly?
- Personal experience – why are you interested in the topic?
- Further the concept
- If you want to talk about imperialism, neo racism, discourse, you can do that
- In university there is a little chance of talking about racialized experience.
- What happens when we intersect migrants? Oppressed through sexual
oppression. Construct specific experience.
- We will talk about race and identity and boundaries of citizenship and how it
affects individual peoples
- We want to think of material consequences
- What effects do these things have on people’s lives?
- Discourse regarding culture of poverty. Poor people are this way, and certain
people are likely to be in a certain way. People are more likely to engage in
welfare. These have consequence on people’s lives. Because of these
discourses, we cut services, and there are people that actually need that
- We are thinking about how do people think of everyday context, and how do
they speak to you? Because you live in this context and this society. How do
these readings apply to you? Are there things that are missing?
- Migration in many places has impact on people’s lives. In fact in many
different places, migration is a fact of life. For many countries in this world,
the primary source of income for that nation is not service or product. It is
people. It is labour force that works around the globe.
- Then it leads to her main argument
o The availability of livelihood and how they draw out migratory
trajectories. That is the availability of networks
Migration and its complexity
- What do migrants do for us? How do we benefit from migration?
- There are different discussions – why are migrants moving? How are
relationships inequitable in cross-nation states and how do they function to
- Throughout this class we will talk about theory of how these ideas come
about. - The most important - who is centered in an analysis and who is kept out of
it? Then how do we decenter research and ideas on affected individuals?
- The researchers of migration – migrants become dominant.
- Somehow startling on different boundaries. That is conceptual and physical
boundaries. I have one foot in Toronto but the other in Jamaica. All of which
affect your orientations and identities. There is no SINGULAR MIGRATION in
- This is where scale of migration comes in. they don’t necessarily have to
international. Each movement constitutes of migration even if it is village to
Inequalities between places
- Talking about inequity between nations
- Each country has a flag and each has a national team of sports. But that
doesn’t mean all countries are created equally. Not all have equal
opportunity in each nation
- Receiving and sending countries are not equal.
- What does it mean for someone to have Canadian passport and be able to
travel anywhere in the world without being asked questions? What does it
mean to have Peruvian passport? What are the power dynamics that happen
there? Why do certain people get greater livelihood?
- Each migration pattern – what are the relationships between these nations.
What does it mean to follow empire? What are the relationships that are helf
today? What is the context of perception? How are you going to receive in
- They are affected by many different factors. Government laws, wages, values
of profession, etc. – if someone wants to be chemist, it becomes necessary for
you to move in order to take a certain chemistry course
- Sometimes there are no young people left because there is no job – it
becomes national and cultural people to move and enjoy any sort of
livelihood. People have agency and they will attempt to resist and survive.
- She looks at 3 different families.
- Each family are from different racial understandings, why particular people
want to move, and migrant trajectories.
- One ticket to one place whether there is return migration(s).
- Goals that migrant set tends to take longer than they imagine – like getting
business or buying a house. Price of living in the west is so high that they
don’t have opportunity to save up money. Also, things happen. People get
married so it becomes hard to move to somewhere else. This idea of return
migration is not often the case. It is not just poor people that are doing this in
order to survive. Factors affecting migration
- How do they receive when they get there?
- Social service available? Places to live? Place to create communities?
- There are other contextual factors that affect them.
o What are dangers of migration? Like if you cannot secure visa – how
to get it?
- The ways that people were mapping out all these 3 families, they found that
they were all over the place. Because people engage in further migration and
people talk networks, subsequent migration often happens made in Toronto.
- People that move to Toronto don’t necessarily stay in Toronto. They move to
Hamilton or Winsor – intranational but it is different to live in 2 different
Multiple contexts of racism
- Contextually, they differ. Racial hierarchies exist. Migrants are not the
poorest, but they are placed in the racial hierarchy where they are no longer
- So this is about finding out where they lie within this hierarchy and its
consequences. Who understands this shift of being black in NA?
Reproducing Salvadoran Transnational Geographies
- Strategic invisibility (prof added this)
- The right to stay is not given
- Even though migrant decides to permanent live, that right is not
automatically awarded to them
- The authors talk about TPS – congress can decide not to renew it anytime –
making them deportable. It changes the relationship they have with this
environment. It is also very similar with temporary worker programs
because the law says they are deportable
- Given the procuity many migrants cannot do what we do and what they we
- The idea that tomorrow will come is a big question mark for them because
they are deportable because their misstep affects their status
- Adjusting their status and there is less will of government in order to make
Agency and structure
- They overemphasize effect of one of them
- We are not helpless beings and that we are resist during the oppression.
There is also structural understanding. This will affect people’s structures in
their lives. The economic catastrophes dislocate them. But you don’t hear
different practices that circumstance this type of oppression - And you don’t hear the grassroot movement that deconstruct and
- She talks about how government is dependent on transnational knowledge
- More likely they don’t get to move their family with them. Some stay behind.
So remittances become important in people’s lives.
- A lot of counties, it is not coffee that is the most big income, but the
remittances that maint