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SOCC26H3 (16)

Week 9 Lecture Note

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Hannigan

Weve now moved ahead with the discussion of sociology of urban growth into the 1970s By 1970s, suburbanization particularly in North America has now been around for about quarter of a century Its beginning to move to the edges suburban is not as wonderful as it wants Part of the course is that suburbs is no longer new, is beginning to age Nowhere is this more evident than when it comes to commercial side, in particular shopping centres Growth of suburban subdivisions and malls go hand in hand One reason had to do with zoning suburban zoning was strictly residential and not commercial Zoning regulations prohibited this Instead, stores, movie theatres, restaurants were clumped together in malls ranging from small neighbourhood malls to regional malls If you want to go shopping particularly in US cities, you had no choice to drive to the mall One of the things that certainly happened with malls was the line-up of stores became very similar from mall to mall It didnt matter whether you went to Fairview Mall or Yorkdale Mall or Mississaugas Square One or whatever, but all the store were the same Particularly the clothing stores were all chains, over time these chains have changed, some have gone up some have gone down, some have closed In essence, the mall got boring In addition to that, what would be a big attraction to malls parking became difficult, couldnt find a space to park (half a kilometre away) The advantages of parking seemed to be minimized The malls themselves became rather than exciting places to shop, became more of a chore Certainly by 1970s, the boom was off the roads In addition to that, suburban life itself began to show issues Partly, in connection with gender issues When suburbs were built, there was strict gender division the expectation was that women would stay home and look after the kids, while the dad would work in the city away from the community Over time, that idea became to go away from that the kids from 1950 are grown up when its 1970s, so they left home In initial phases, the suburbs were friendly, but by 1970s kids have left home Kids were not alright, kids were too young to drive, nothing to do, nothing except to find the mall and hang around, but the mall operators eventually cracking down on the bunch of teenagers affecting business, so security guards asked parents of teenagers to pose curfews Suburbs were supposed to be crime free in contrast to the inner city Suddenly, suburbs are seeing many of the kind of problems that were attributed to the inner city
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