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Week 10 Lecture Note

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John Hannigan

Dual City Manuel Castells: TheInformational City (1989) Castells is one of better known names in urban sociologyplanning Is Spanish originally, when he was younger academic, moved to Paris Originally wrote Marxist urban stuff that was hard to read Eventually moved to US, Berkeley, where he got better Wrote a book and won lots of prizes Manuel Castells points out that the dual city is a class theme in urban sociology, he basically means that the idea that you can have rich neighbourhoods and poor neighbourhoods living right next to each other but having nothing to do with one another is certainly not unique to 21 century If we go back a long way to history and find the wealthy and the poor living in the same orbit Some of the first discussions of this rolls back to ancient Rome We think of Rome more in terms of the wealthy Romes, but in addition to the kind of Romes that passed down historically (Rome of Art and Philosophy and other things) support all that was a huge population poor people Some of them were slaves, some of them not In urban history, those who have studied ancient Rome paid attention to the other side of Rome Has a lot of similarity of slums we see today Back in ancient Rome, there were two cities rich and poor In urban sociology, the problem was in late 19 and early 20 century was industrial city, was good example of rich and poor living in relatively close proximity The chapter in Hall book, a lot of what hes writing is overview of the dual city as it emerged out of the industrial revolution, talks about England and US, and theres extensive discussion of dual city as it was perceived by early American sociologist and others (*Not going to test a lot of material on it*) From SOCB44, when were doing this section on Chicago School, and spent some time on the book The Gold Coast and the Slum (1927) Harvey Zorbough oFirst research method looked at areas in Chicago oUsed all kinds of things from observational study to using records and multiple methods oLooked at a number of neighbourhoods that were in close proximity to one another but were miles apart oAmong these, there was an Italian slum, and there was a Bohemian area oThe title of this book...the Gold Coast was the rich area with huge mansions and iron gates, similar to Rosedale, Bridlepath in Toronto oSlums were mentioned here as an ethnic area with Italians oZorboughs point which is one reason why the book is carried over is that people who lived in the Gold Coast had virtually nothing in common with the people in the slums, had no regular interaction with one another on a regular basis, didnt hold any values in common, both lived in downtown Chicago but lived in different styles oUrban reform in England when it started was a result of the middle class and urban slum in Manchester, waking up one day and noticing all the urban poverty around them...prior to that they were able to ignore it in the surrounding area where they lived oIn a sense, it was revitalization of those better neighbourhoods, and those people were living in poor housing, sanitation, crime, etc. Castells points out that the term dual city refers to more these days than just adjacent neighbourhoods, some of which are very poor and others very rich The term has come one to take on a wider meaning refers to shifting jobs to shifting economies
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