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SOCC26H3 (16)

Week 11 Lecture Note

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University of Toronto Scarborough
John Hannigan

Key Principles of New Urbanism (these principles were from Congress of the New Urbanism 2001): 1. Compact, walkable neighbourhoods All of these things are in contrast to suburbs, most suburbs are sprawl and not walkable on one end because no sidewalks and nowhere to walk to In contrast to these communities, the idea was that these were suburban communities that were compact and walkable 2. Minimize auto use While none of the planners planned to get rid of the cars, on the other hand the idea was to cut down on and minimize automobile use A lot of activities like grocery shopping like buying an ice cream cone, you have to drive down the street, or if you want to do weekly shopping, you have to drive to malls 3. Diverse activities (residences, schools, shops, workplaces, parks) In contrast to existing suburbs which were strictly zoned for residential only, suburban areas particularly the first generation of zoning brought in no commercialindustrial zoning...suburbs were residential only But in the case of the new urbanist communities, the opposite was true Putting stores and movie theatres and things like that...were meant to be part of more diverse land uses 4. Wide spectrum of housing options and socio-economic groups It was said that one of the problems with existing suburbs were that they were far too homogeneous or uniform or the same The typical suburbs was white middle class, most people had the same income Interestingly enough, if you look back to 50s and 60s, there was some corporations that set out quite clearly exactly where they could live and couldnt live, this was stratified according to where you lived and your income Not a lot of diversity in suburbs (but has changed a lot recently) werent diverse ethnically or racially In US, a number of developers developed what they were called legal covenants = no blacks, no Jews One of the best known brands in terms of subdivisions are Levittown = prototype for suburbs (limited diversity) New urbanism created mixed diversity in terms of socio-economic groups, bringing greater diversity in socioeconomic, was seen as positive thing 5. Restoration of existing urban centres (US sprawl) Refurbish them in new urbanist style New urbanism was a popular movement among some urban planners and architects, and some participation from real estate developers It arose originally in late 1970s and in 80s and 90s It was seen as a way of counteracting the number of more negative features of suburbs and suburban living, which was by 1980s begun to be quite negative
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