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SOCC27 LEC 2.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Julian Tanner

The suburbs as the existing before the world war (before 1945) late 1940's, 50's and 60's in when the suburban boom started in 1920 the suburbs housed 15% of the population 1945-20% 1950-25% 1960- 33% why did they develop in the first place? Who lived there? And whats the social profile of those who settle there?And why did this change? First have to understand transportation in the earlier era, something that restricted surburban growth was means of transportation, in particular transportation in cities wasnt very good to live at a distance from the cities center was a disadvantage those who were higher in SEs lived closer to the city center because time is money and being closer was an advantage those who were poor lived further when transportation improved, it became less of a disadvantage to live farther late 19th century...trains were introdced trains began to focus on human transport communter rail lines that run from centre city to the suburbs burgess concentric zone model: the way people used to plan the 5th zone was called the commuter zone those who were well off had the best of both worlds they could work in the city centre but could also travel back to the suburbs where their home was when cities depend on regular communting, it meant that people who could afford this was quite well off but what opened it up to the middle class was the streetcar suburbs, but these had limitiatons then they electric streetcars and it permitied the construction of ecnomocially and socially homogeneous same suburbs limitations: can only operate on certain routes, traffic problems, problem with one streetcar affects all the ones behind it advantages: environmental (no pollution) electric street cars opened up the connection between the edge of the city and the inner city these places became known as streetcar sububrs were mostly middle class, not weatlhy and elite, who wanted to move out of the congested city centre one of the patterns of urban growth was that housing developed along the streetcar lines therefore significantly opened out urban growth some of the things that went along with this... turn of the 20th century..
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