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LEcture 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Julian Tanner

SOCC30 Criminal Behaviour Lecture 3 27 September 2012 - Crime statistics are reflective of changes in reporting habits - One of the ironic consequences is that if there is an increaseof reporting crime there might be an increase in the crime rate - Jurisdiction all over North America past legislation about crime in the schools, things that entitle to safe school act. - High schools were required for the first time to report to the police criminal incidents that occus in the school - Before in schools if there was any pushing or shoving between students, they would only get a warning and be told not to do that. These days however it is required for the school to make a report about these incidents - CW. Jeferey’s had a shooting of Jordan Mallace. Part of the investigation discovered that over sometime female students were sexually assaulted in different places in the school. Apparently the faculty members of the school knew about it, but didn’t say anything. This VP was suspended. - Changes in reporting habits can lead to an increase of the crime - We can also make the same point about detection, one of the things that we can reasonable anticipate with technological developments, it is going to improve the capacity for police to detect crimes. DNA testing is an example of technological development that helps in the investigation of crime. Police Reported crime statistics, 2011 - Some highlights ; Traditionally when we talk about crime statistics, we are talking about the shared value of the amount of crime. The shooting downtown would count as one criminal incident, the theft of a mars bar would count as another criminal incident. A shooting incident is more serious than the theft of a mars bar. One thing about crime statistics is that it doesn’t take into consideration of seriousness. Therefore the smaller incidents make the crime statistics a lot higher. There is a huge difference between an assault without a weapon and one using a gun or knife. We are talking about rate, which means we are talking about the number of crimes for every 100 000 people. In Canada in 2010 there was a homicide rate of 2%. Meaning for every 100 000 people there was 2 homocide. - Both volume and severity of crime down; the amount and volume as well as severity of crime have gone down. There was a decline from 2010- 2011. The crime rate was at its lowest in 1962 than 2010. The largest proportion f crime rate is made up of property crime. In 2011 the amount of reported crimes fell from 2010. - Crime rates are highest in the North and West. As you move across Canada from east to west, the amount of crime increa
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