Class Notes (837,790)
Canada (510,469)
Sociology (2,430)
SOCC38H3 (20)
Ann Mullen (20)

Week 11 Lecture

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Ann Mullen

Football Video discussion: • Resources of school are invested in this • They may have fundraisers • School is contributing to some finances when it was built – facilities, swimming pool, track, ring, football field • School is supporting this sport in some ways • Qualities of masculinities: being aggressive, competitive, emphasis on winning (you have to win to be successful), tough, leadership, confidence, teamwork and cooperation • Even if they’re injured, they need to suck it up by getting an injection and get on the field – need to be tough and not showing fear • Willing to do some risky health-wise by injecting steroids in the knee • More likely to do well when they are popular – athletic ability leads to success • Leadership – quarterback are the ones who make the decisions • Football is a very hierarchical sport – among the other team members, there some that are more valuable than others • Maintaining bulk of body is important to block other players from getting the ball • Qualities of femininity: getting attention from the status of their boyfriends, being sexy cheerleaders by wearing short skirts, being supportive in subordinate roles • Relationships between boys and fathers – taken for granted, fathers take a lot of pride in their star athlete sons (think their son is better than the other one), the sons reflect the fathers (if the son does well, then the father has high masculine status) • Athletics have to come first before academics “No Sissy Boys Here” article: • What are the representations of boys and girls (masculinities and femininities) in texts? • Gender is constructed through schools • Authors call these textbooks “agents of transmission” – what’s expected and what’s accepted • It’s not normal or appropriate for boys to have Barbie dolls • Textbooks are transmitting what’s normal and what’s appropriate • Q: Are males portrayed in a manner where they cross traditional and typical male boundaries? • Do they have just male characteristics or do they share both male and female characteristics? • There can be men that are far more on the masculine side, in the middle with mix of traits, and some on feminine side • Methods: content analysis – first coder codes everything, then second coder checks it again • Males in these fiction stories show signs of aggressiveness, argumentativeness, and competitiveness, while females are expressed as emotional, passive, affectionate • Men are portrayed 5 times more aggressive than women • 21% of men are argumentative, only 6% of female characters are competitive • 3 times as many men than women are seen as competitive • Women are shown as affectionate (33%), passive, tender (3 times more likely than men) • There is no grade crossing, do these characters reinforce typical behaviours? • We have textbooks representing boys in this kind of way, what’s acceptable and appropriate and normal for boys and what’s not normal for them to do? • Having a man means having no feminine traits (no sissy boys here) • Masculinity is construct
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