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Lecture 3

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Dan Silver

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SOCC50 LECTURE 3 INTERNALIZATION - not how they get into people b/ how they link up with each other - last week we were talking about Freud- parsons himself went into training about psychoanalysis - main concepts he took from Freud: 1. super-ego formations + involves the ego - which is the sense of who you are your self + your super ego- a model of authority over you ex. so your super ego are your parents, they become models of the good you, deep in your psyche is your mother and father hovering over you " what would mom/dad say" how does this happen? 2. Cathexis [ Id ]--> your drives + emotions -freud's terms for love/affection - freud thought it was the erotic part of yourself- drive or energy -is the process of ones emotional erotic side attaching to a specific object ex. you cathex to something when you get deep emotional gratification to something - thats why your mom/dad are super-ego because they are your deepest cathex in your life 3. Interjection = INTERNALIZATION + something thrown inside of you -basically mom/dad and other things you cathex with are thrown inside of you -so that they or anything you cathex with come to grow has the norms/belief you grow to believe -everything you deal with in your life, already has some emotional charge - everything you do, you already experience as being something meaningful ex. should you cheat in class - before you ask the question you already had to have some belief on what school means to you ex. when you see a chair/table - you see it as a place where you take notes/learn - this is if you have internalized the right norms b/ if you haven't internalized these norms it will not look the same to you - it will have a different emotional charge to you ex. a place to go on facebook -there are norms floating around out there but at some time your going to want to internally act upon them and that’s internalization INSTITUTIONALIZATION - if we want to understand how norms get institutionalized, we need to understand how norms get form out there to in you -move from social structures to functions + purposes or to actualities -made a distinction between culture/society/personality 1. culture - basically the patterns of meaning that define what is meaningful, right, wrong, sinful -would typically find this in religion, art, painting- these are a whole set of symbols that explain ways of life life -patterns of personal interactions - the ways people relate to one another +there is a DIFFERENCE between the two ex. cultural value: freedom is the best thing - but how is that values organized in people relationships between one another a.capitalism is totally consistent to freedom, as competitive law firms have the freedom to do better than one another b. socalism is also consistent with the cultural value of freedom 3. Personality - your needs an your desire - your humiliation, deprivations, gratification ex. you get gratification from beating up other people - there could be a social arrangement that can be communal - you can go to school- where no one is suppose to be bette than others example: baseball team CULTURE: values about community friendship - movies that show people playing soccer - or professional team- with inspirational slogans -winning is a cultural value SOCIAL: how different players or positions are to work together for the benefit of he team PERSONALITY: positions or roles of specific players will get positions according to their personalities aggressive- defense/ leader- quarterback etc. + we see that these 3 categories can go in different directions but are pressured to work together -if they don't work they put pressure on each other to make them all work **EXAMPLE - GET FROM AMELIA -ANTHRO- CULTURE -SOCIOLOGY-SOCIETY -PSYH- PERSONALITY -thats why parson thought sociology had to the goal of understanding how society works and having stable social structure 1. ROLE - is the central concept and object structure for sociology -basically the role is an impersonal social niches that consists in obligations to preform actions in a certain way - doesn't matter whose in the role- but specifies how the person in the role is suppose to relate to each other ex. student is a role teacher is a role - teacher/student relationship are satsisfied from personality needs but for society - you don't get to choose because it pre-exists to you leads to next topic 2. ROLE SEQUENCING -is not right to say roles are outside of you completely - it is important that each person who is suppose to take over the role has to have the personality for the role to be most effective for the system how do you do that? -only way your going to like your role is to go through a whole bunch of other roles -process of being a baby to full fledge member of society ex. + a child - older/young sibling - child of a parent - then a teenager- student -then an adult-be a citizen - voter-employee-parent-husband/wife- have to be a
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