Class Notes (884,968)
CA (529,695)
UTSC (32,313)
Sociology (2,441)
SOCC45H3 (6)
Lecture 1

SOCC45H3 Lecture 1: SOCC45 LECTURE 01

4 Pages

Course Code
Lauren Spring

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Lecture 1 • Sociological Imagination • Coined by sociologist C. Wright Mills (1959), a radical sociologist • “how individuals understand their own and others’ pasts in relation to history and social structure” (Mills, 1959) • “The ability to understand the dynamic between individual lives and larger society.” (Ravelli & Weber) • Ideas inspired American sociologist Peter Berger (1963) to encourage sociologists to look for the “general in the particular” and the “strange in the familiar” • Why is it important? • Helps to address the macro/micro divide in sociology. (it is embraced by all sociologists, no matter their theoretical framework) • The capacity to understand one’s personal/private troubles in the context of the broader social processes that structure them. • Personal troubles are actually often public/social issues (unemployment, obesity, relationship difficulties etc...) • Seeing one’s own history in a social context improves quality of mind (the ability to see shades of grey, not simply black and white). • Who are “youth” anyways? • Age: • Varying definitions (across place, time, stakeholder interest...) • For centuries in the West, no sharp distinction between adult/non-adult existed (marriage, military duty...) • 1400s, term “adolescent” emerges (Latin). Term was used throughout 1800s to describe people aged 15-24. • Industrial Revolution (1760-mid 1800s) Child labour (poor children working 12+ hours a day in often horrible conditions for 10%of what an adult man would be paid) • 1900s -1960s: Adolescent psychology emerges (nature vs nurture debate). Deficit Model emerges (youth as ‘moratorium’ period where young people are expected to withdraw in order to search for and form their adult identities) • 1985 (the International Year of the Youth) the UN defined youth as being between 15- 25 • 1989 New ‘Positive Youth Development’ approach emerges. (refers to intentional efforts of other youth, adults, communities, government agencies and schools to provide opportunities for youth to enhance their interests, skills, and abilities. Also a discussion took place about youth into the 20s and 30s (Turning Points report & Youth & America’s Future report) • 1990s ‘teenager’ and ‘tween’ (aged 11-14) invented by marketers • Today: General prolongation of youth. Children growing up earlier and adulthood being deferred. (Sukarieh & Tannok, 2011) • Social Status: • Marqhardt (1998) suggests we define “youth” as those who are either partly or fully dependant on others for material support • Why might this definition be problematic? • Tyskaa (2014) suggests we understand youth as a transitional stage. (Growing self- awareness, educational and vocational decisions that lead one away from their family of origin and towards new relationships and family units). Might this framing be problematic as well? • What assumptions might we make about these young people? (insert a couple photos of sketchy looking teens) where do these stereotypes come from? • In an article published in Nature Neuroscience, researchers say they've discovered that the hormone THP, which in adults or younger children acts like a natural tranquilizer, calming you down, actually increases anxiety during puberty • What assumptions might we make about these young people? (insert photo of happy looking healthy kids) Why do imagine these things? • 1980s: new “youth development movement” emerges • Young people start to be seen as resilient, full of potential; as “assets” and “resources” • Youth are not seen as deviant or irresponsible; idea that if given the opportunity, all youth can make positive, healthy choices and develop “competence, character, confidence, connection, and caring (model of 5 Cs developed by Richard Lerner) • Why might viewing youth from this more “positive” perspective be problematic? • Critiquing the “positivity imperative”
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.