Week 1 Notes
The Order of Things- Michal Foulcalt
•“the thing we apprehend in one great leap, the thing that, by means of the fable, is demonstrated as the
exotic charm of another system of thought, is the limitation of our own, the stark impossibility of
thinking that.” (1)
What I got
We seek in categorizing those things of which do not belong together and those of which are most
similar to each other, we fail to realize their similarity. Borges helps to conceptualize the issue that this
has caused where the over taxomy of earthly things has led to the creation of an imagination in which
collectively; these subdivisions can live and thrive.
It is possible that the fables that we have constructed are a resemblance of a utopian world. One in
which is not bounded and restricted to the creation of groups, but rather rebellious of the ignorance of
integration and similarity. The uneasiness and ridicule presented upon the possibility of a utopian world
is fed by the unfamiliarity of a schematized mind; a tabula that from birth has recorded language and the
examination of said language during the cultural period.
•A system of elements- a definition of the segments by which the resemblances and differences can be
shown, the types of variation by which those segments can be affected, and, lastly, the threshold above
which there is a difference and below which there is a similitude
•“Order is, at one and the same time, that which is given in things as their inner law, the hidden
network that determines the way they confront one another, and also that which has no existence
except in the grid created by a glance, and examination of language” (5)
•It brings light the epistemological field, in which knowledge, envisaged apart from all criteria having
reference to its rational value or to its objective forms, grounds its positivity and thereby manifests a
history which is not that of its growing perfection, but rather that of its conditions of possibility; in
this account, what should appear are those configurations within the space of knowledge which have
given rise to the diverse forms of empirical science.
Madness and Civilization-Michal Foucault
•During the 17th Century, the Hopital General was an instance of order, of the monarchial and
bourgeois order being organized in France during this period. It was directly linked with the royal
power which placed it under the authority of the civil government alone.
•The institution set itself the task of preventing begging and dependence on other people as a source of
all disorders; it was one of the last measures taken since the Renaissance to put an end to
unemployment or at least begging.