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Lecture 7

Lecture 7


Department
Music and Culture
Course Code
VPMA99H3
Professor
Andy Lee
Lecture
7

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Music History II Lecture 7
Italian Opera in the 19 th
Century
Composers
-Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti exhibited bel canto style
-Verdi
Rossini
-applied opera buffa style in opera seria
-voice type includes baritone and bass voice
-formal continuity in ensemble
-use of continuous action
-greater dramatic continuity
-more realistic plot
-drama develops continuously, one event in the plot influences another
-formal unit is scene, not aria
-action develops more regularly
-blend of opera seria and buffa element
-bel canto style lyrical quality, expressive effect
-evolving dramatic scene structure
Il barbiere di Siviglia
-first play in the beaumarche play, Marriage of Figaro is the third play
-plot includes secret messenger, identity exchange
-Figaro is the go-between and messenger
-less politically inflammatory setup
-Figaro (baritone), Count (tenor), Rosina (soprano)
No. 2 Cavatina- FigaroLargo al factotum
-exploit buffa vocal characteristics:
-mechanical repetition of melodic/ rhythmic fragments
-rapid declamation (patter- comic effect)
-acceleration of effects is known as Rossini crescendo
No. 5 Cavatina- Rosina “Una voce poco fa
-two tempo aria
-form reflects change in content/ mood of text
-exploit bel canto and coloratura vocal qualities
Aria
-multi-movement
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