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10 Mar 2011
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Course
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Music History II Lecture 8
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)
-influenced by Wagner’s harmonic language, just like how Beethoven influenced Romantic
composers
-increased chromaticism, atonal, instability
-chromaticism helps to sharpen and heighten passage
-many chromaticism create ambiguity of key
-dissonanace vs. resolution, tonal harmonic progression start to break down
-Mahler is known for a conductor in Vienna and New York
-compose symphony and song (Lied)
-compose no opera
-manifestation of song that is composed for voice and piano
-piano part gets expanded to orchestral accompaniment
-purpose of expression, tone colour, textural capability in orchestra
-theme includes life and death, twist of irony
-portray self-aware consciousness
Collection of 5 songs
-kindertotenlieder
-based on a poem by Friedrich Ruckert
-wrote the song before the death of his daughter, not after
-orchestra sounds like chamber orchestra
-clarity, transparency
-reflection of sadness
-metaphorical reference
-tragedy takes place at night, but the world keeps going
-switch in mood at the beginning and end of the line
-opens with duet of oboe and horn
-klagend means expressive and to play softer
-descending melody when singing sunrise (opposite effect)
-minor to major mode from first to second line, rising melody
-warm orchestral texture to present ironic view of text
-rich colour palette
-oscillating figure
-bell sound
-harp, horn, bell, clarinet, oboe, new combination
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Document Summary

Influenced by wagner s harmonic language, just like how beethoven influenced romantic composers. Dissonanace vs. resolution, tonal harmonic progression start to break down. Mahler is known for a conductor in vienna and new york. Manifestation of song that is composed for voice and piano. Purpose of expression, tone colour, textural capability in orchestra. Theme includes life and death, twist of irony. Wrote the song before the death of his daughter, not after. Tragedy takes place at night, but the world keeps going. Switch in mood at the beginning and end of the line. Minor to major mode from first to second line, rising melody. Warm orchestral texture to present ironic view of text.

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