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Lecture 8

Lecture 8


Department
Music and Culture
Course Code
VPMA99H3
Professor
Andy Lee
Lecture
8

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Music History II Lecture 8
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)
-influenced by Wagner’s harmonic language, just like how Beethoven influenced Romantic
composers
-increased chromaticism, atonal, instability
-chromaticism helps to sharpen and heighten passage
-many chromaticism create ambiguity of key
-dissonanace vs. resolution, tonal harmonic progression start to break down
-Mahler is known for a conductor in Vienna and New York
-compose symphony and song (Lied)
-compose no opera
-manifestation of song that is composed for voice and piano
-piano part gets expanded to orchestral accompaniment
-purpose of expression, tone colour, textural capability in orchestra
-theme includes life and death, twist of irony
-portray self-aware consciousness
Collection of 5 songs
-kindertotenlieder
-based on a poem by Friedrich Ruckert
-wrote the song before the death of his daughter, not after
-orchestra sounds like chamber orchestra
-clarity, transparency
-reflection of sadness
-metaphorical reference
-tragedy takes place at night, but the world keeps going
-switch in mood at the beginning and end of the line
-opens with duet of oboe and horn
-klagend means expressive and to play softer
-descending melody when singing sunrise (opposite effect)
-minor to major mode from first to second line, rising melody
-warm orchestral texture to present ironic view of text
-rich colour palette
-oscillating figure
-bell sound
-harp, horn, bell, clarinet, oboe, new combination
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