Lecture 8

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Published on 16 Mar 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Music and Culture
Course
VPMA99H3
Professor
Music History II Lecture 8
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)
-influenced by Wagner’s harmonic language just like how Beethoven influenced Romantic
music
-increased chromaticism, atonal, instability
-chromaticism sharpens and heightens passage
-but, many chromanticism creates ambiguity of key
-dissonance vs. resolution, tonal harmonic progression start to break down
-Mahler is known for a conductor in Viienna and new York
-symphony and song (lied)
-compose no opera
-manifestation of song that was composed for voice and piano
-piano part gets expanded to orchestral accompaniment
-purpose of expression, tone colour, textural capability in orchestra
-theme includes life and death, twist of irony, parolistic way of looking thing
-portray self-aware consciousness
Kindertotenlieder
-collection of 5 songs
-based on poem by Friedrich Ruckert
-wrote the song before death of his own daughter
-orchestra sounds like chamber orchestra
-clarity and transparency
-reflection of sadness
-metaphorical reference
-tragedy takes place at night, but the world keeps going
-switch in mood at beginning and end of the line
-opens with duet of oboe and horn
-klagend, expressiveness, to play softer
-trajectory of B flat downward to D, opposite to sunrise in text
-minor to major mode from first to second line, rising melody (opposite effect
-warm orchestral texture (play of opposite, take ironic view of text
-rich colour palette
-oscillating figure
-bell sound
-harp, horn, bell, clarinet, oboe
-string is not used frequently
-2 stanzas, modified strophic
-2 stanzas are similar, not but the same
-orchestral interlude
-each instrument has an independent melodic line
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Influenced by wagner"s harmonic language just like how beethoven influenced romantic music. Dissonance vs. resolution, tonal harmonic progression start to break down. Mahler is known for a conductor in viienna and new york. Manifestation of song that was composed for voice and piano. Purpose of expression, tone colour, textural capability in orchestra. Theme includes life and death, twist of irony, parolistic way of looking thing. Wrote the song before death of his own daughter. Tragedy takes place at night, but the world keeps going. Switch in mood at beginning and end of the line. Trajectory of b flat downward to d, opposite to sunrise in text. Minor to major mode from first to second line, rising melody (opposite effect. Warm orchestral texture (play of opposite, take ironic view of text. 2 stanzas are similar, not but the same. Each instrument has an independent melodic line www. notesolution. com. Minor mode is used to sing light in text.