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22 Mar 2011
School
Course
Professor
Music History Lecture 10
WWI (1914-1918)
-Russian Revolution (1917)
-Socialist Realism in Soviet Union (1934)
-Fascist government in Italy (1922)
-Hitler/ National Socialists in Germany (1933)
-German annexes Austria (1938)
-Germany invades Poland (1939)
WWII (1939-1945)
Bela Bartok (1881-1945)
-virtuoso pianist
-enthomusicologist: recording folksong from the Hungarian peasants
-Hungarian nationalist
-folk music idiom
-rhythm is shaped by speech
-irregular meter
-dissonant harmony
Bartok’s Musical style
Harmony
-chromatic
-often bitingly dissonant use of non-western scales
-folk idiom
-augmented second
Rhythm
-driving rhythm in irregular/ shifting meters
-influence of irregular folk dance rhythms
-syncopation
-ostinato
Form
-classic sense of balance, some traditional form of contrapuntal structures
-canon, fugue
-interest in symmetrical figure
Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta (1936)
-symmetrical structures
-spatial arrangement of ensemble
-2 pairs of contrasting movements: Slow-Fast-Slow-Fast
-palindromes
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