VPMB82 Lecture 10

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11 Apr 2012
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VPMB82 Lecture 10
-John Adam’s Phrygian Gates is not on the exam
-Varese’s hyperprism will be tested
-John Adam’s Short Ride in a Fast Machine will be tested
Murray Schafer (b. 1933)
-wrote Tuning of sound
-concerned with the environment, John Cage did not
-aleatoric element, influence of Cage
-environmental sounds include wind & cricket
Schafer’s Patria “Princess of the Star
-genre: situational opera
-based on Native American legend
-take place outdoor
-use of 12 tones
-bird & cricket sound, aleatoric element
-cannot hear the music very well
-acoustic mix with electric sound & synthesizer
-similar to Philomel
Jazz/ Blues/ R n’R
-field song, field holler, work song
-syncopation, repeated pattern, call & response
-slaves were not allowed to talk to each other, but can sing, led to development of work song
-folk tune is religious and spiritual
-became popular outside of church
Fisk Jubilee Singers
-sing spiritual song to raise money for universities
-tour Europe
-exotic slave music
-influenced Dvorak “The New World”, based on Negroes culture
-call & response, syncopated response
-rhythmic element in work song
Jazz
-improvisation
-rag time (piano genre) was its ancestor
-syncopation in right hand
-left hand played regular, march like beat
-Scott Joplin (1867/8-1917) was father of ragtime, composed 44 piano pieces of ragtime
Joplin’s Maple Leaf Rag (p. 1)
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