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Lecture 3

Music and Culture
Course Code
Ken Mc Leod

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Medieval Theory
-Guido of Arezzo developed solomization
-solfege came from the hymn “Ut queant laxis
-9th century oral transmission of music
-10th century heightened neumes
-11th century four line staff and square notation
Secular Music
-age of chivalry, courtly love
-knightly love kin to monk with god
-a religious love in secular music
-chanson de geste (song of deeds) ex. King Arthur
-were looked down upon, traveled from town to town
Troubadour (Southern France)
-12th century
-educated family, higher class
-knew how to read and write music
-langue d’oc
Trouveres (Northern France)
-founder and seeker of song
-langue d’oil
-chansonnier secular love poetry (monophonic)
-pastourelle seduction song
Adam de la Halle’s Jeu de Robin et Marion
-monophonic rondeau (repeating refrain)
-low style (profane aspect)
-unsuccessful love
-vernacular language (langue d’oil)
Can vei la lauzeta mover
-strophic form
-8 stanzas
-modal music, Dorian mode
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