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10 Jan 2011
School
Course
Professor
Medieval Theory
-Guido of Arezzo developed solomization
-solfege came from the hymn “Ut queant laxis
-9th century oral transmission of music
-10th century heightened neumes
-11th century four line staff and square notation
Secular Music
Jongleur
-Golliards
-age of chivalry, courtly love
-knightly love kin to monk with god
-a religious love in secular music
-chanson de geste (song of deeds) ex. King Arthur
-were looked down upon, traveled from town to town
Troubadour (Southern France)
-12th century
-educated family, higher class
-knew how to read and write music
-langue d’oc
Trouveres (Northern France)
-founder and seeker of song
-langue d’oil
-chansonnier secular love poetry (monophonic)
-pastourelle seduction song
Adam de la Halle’s Jeu de Robin et Marion
-trouvere
-monophonic rondeau (repeating refrain)
-low style (profane aspect)
-unsuccessful love
-vernacular language (langue d’oil)
Can vei la lauzeta mover
-troubadour
-strophic form
-8 stanzas
-modal music, Dorian mode
-word-painting
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

Solfege came from the hymn ut queant laxis . 11th century four line staff and square notation. Were looked down upon, traveled from town to town. Adam de la halle"s jeu de robin et marion. Parallel motion note vs. note, harmonized with fourth and fifth. Contrary motion one melody with another melody beneath. Best singers do the harmony, chorus becomes monophonic. Florid chant melody is below, add notes to the top. Leonin best creator or organum, some are arthymic, some are rhythmic. magnus liber organi (cycle of 2 part organum) www. notesolution. com. Solo melismatic section of plainchant became discant clausula (rhythmic) Motet text added up upper voice of discant clausula. Chant is in the bottom voice, in elongated drone so it is hard to hear. Purpose of the technique is faith, even though you can"t see god, he"s there parallels with the notion melody is there even you can"t recognize ite.

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