Lecture 4

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10 Jan 2011
-personal expression (humanistic)
-emphasis depicting the text
-get away from isorhythm
-point of imitation
-Machaut Messe de Nostre Dame was the first polyphonic setting of Ordinary mass
-cantus firmus mass, isorhtyhmic mass
-cohesion borrowed melody repeats
-cyclic cantus firmus was first composed by Dunstable
-Du Fay’s Missa se la Face ay Pale was unusual piece because the borrowed melody was from
secular music
-paraphrase add notes to cantus firmus and imitation in all voices
-edit the tenor voice, then borrowed melody is imitated in all voices
-Josquin des Prez’s Miss Pange Lingua
-Parody mass borrowing all voices in a polyphonic music
-no example in the course material
-opinion against humanism obscure the text, not about expression of composer, should be
more about God and text
Rise of National Styles
- Italy
-Frottola Italian strophic song, 4 part homophony, simple harmony/ melody, syllabic, upbeat
-Lauda religious frottola
-Madrigalthrough composed of short secular poem
elevated poetry (Tasso, Ariosto, Petrarch)
1stanza, 7 -11 syllabic lines, rhymed couplet, through composed
intended for upper class
pastoral subjects, often erotic subtext, classical Greek and Rome
double entendre, irony
both male and female
4-6 voices a cappella
3Stages in Madrigal Development
Stage 1
Pillipe Verdelot/ Jacob Arcadelt (Franco Flemish Composer
-4 voices, homophonic, mild word-painting
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