Lec 9 WS.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Women's and Gender Studies
Anissa Talahite- Moodley

Lec 9- Gender and Violence => Gender and age are the most powerful predictors of violence – Kimmel 1.) Why understanding violence matters? 1.) Violence is a leading cause of death in the world 2.) It relates to hierarchies of power, inequaltiies and discrimination 3.) It relates to institution ( families, schools, universities) 2.) What is gendered violence? => violence against women and girls  violence against LGBTQ community  Recent studies have shown that Transgender individuals are at high risk of being victims of violence  Men can also experience violence  Violence against women and girls What is violence against women and girls 1.) Physical violence 2.) Sexual Violence 3.) Sexual harassment 4.) Controlling Behavior 5.) Emotional abuse, psychological abuse => According to statistics, women are most at risk of homicide when they are in their own homes Globally: Femicide (or gendercide) Over 100 million women are missing worldwide as a result of son preference and practices like female infanticide, sex- selective abortions, and systematic neglect of girls Violence against men => Gender scholars have highlighted the violence experienced by men in the criminal justice system => Men sometimes experience sexual violence in prisons => Men who are perceived as ‘’feminine’’ are usually targeted. Human rights watch have highlighted the issue of prison rape in many countries 3.) What are the root causes of gendered violence? - insecutirites, media, power Biological ‘’explanation’’ => Some studies have found that men who committed violent crimes at young ages had high testosterone levels. However many men with high testosterone levels are not violent, and some men with low testosterone levels can be violent => Many scholars see no conclusive research that proves the correlation between testosterone level and aggressive and antisocial behavior Psychological ‘’explanation’’ => Gender violence can be linked to pathological patterns and emotional dysfunction. => However the theories tend to miss the collective dimension
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