Lecture 3: Feminism, film and the Gaze
One of the most influential articles on feminine film studies:
- Written in 1975s and is based on psychoanalysis
- The study of unconscious mind.
- Concerned with how film is filled with patriarchy.
- One element of patriarchy the author talks about is
Phallocenterism one element of patriarchy
- Phallocenterism in psychoanalytics is worldview that see’s
the penis is a symbolic centre of meaning.
- Phallus the power that comes from having a penis.
- The loss of power that the phallus represents.
- Related to the penis envy concept that women are lacking
- As a result of this women become the other.
- As a result women are considered objects and not
- Their objects of meaning.
- You don’t make meaning you don’t get to decide what
- How film resembles the language of patriarchy
- Patriarchal society structures film form.
- The author talks about how we don’t talk enough about
women are represented in film even if they represented
in a passive way.
- Author. Deconstructing film will allow us to get away from
Hollywood patriarchy and maybe create a new language.
- Alternative cinema can tell different stories and counter
this tradition, and that’s a good things. Two main pleasures
- Scopophalia: sexual pleasure looking at other people as
if they are objects. In related note controlling them by
gazing them. You isolated, you forget where you are and
who your with. You’re spying on the character.
- Identification: Narcissistic kind of scopopholia, as
humans we like things that resemble humans, we have a
fascination with the human form we like to look at other
people; we like to look at things that look like ourselves.
- Mirror phase: very young babies don’t understand that
they are seeing their own reflection when they look in the
mirror. When they’re 22 months they understand that it’s
their reflection in the mirror hence that’s when their
identities are born.
- The mirror creates an ideal image; it’s the beginning of
how you see yourself an