Lecture #8/9

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Women's and Gender Studies
Caleigh Cruickshank

Lecture 8/9: Women and the Web Women and the web: Video games and the virtual world:  International women’s day  Globe and mail: is the struggle over? Have we won? Conversation is doubled sided, some people said no while others said yes.  Although you are a feminist we maybe reluctant to say so. This is what the documentary was trying to get at. Cyber feminism and first article: Daniels  Denials First article is called rethinking cyber feminism  Article outlines what women do on the web and how they may be doing something positive in the name of women on the internet  Cyber feminism: Feminism applied to, performed on or inspired by the web.  She provided an overview of feminism, its actually become cyber feminism its no longer a single theory but a range of theories and stances on the relationship between gender and the digital culture.  This is interesting because usually technology is subcontracted to masculinity. So it’s important that women experiment and engage with technology because they connect us.  So what are women doing online?  Are they engaging in cyber feminist activity?  One author Denials quotes calls women’s activity online depressingly familiar. Emailing, home shopping and health.  Daniels argues that women do use the digital world to engineer and renovate their lives. They experiment with the internet at work in their domestic lives, in their education and for fun  Denials is concerned that even there isn’t enough conversation online about gender and race and how they intersect.  She argues there isn’t one woman and digital technologies don’t get used the same by women across different races, classes and nationalities.  Plant: believes that information technology can very much change the lives of women  Zero and One theory. Represent men and women in their importance, male is the default one and women are the absent zero the one.  Plant says that the zeros will shapes are digital future and that the network world online is a feminine space technology.  The problem with is that the not all men and women are the same. Three major ideas about the internet and how it relates to feminism and race: The Cyborg: this is a central idea in terms of thinking about humans and technology in our world. Wasn’t till 1985 that we got out first version of a cyborg, which is half human half computer. Donna Haraway: a feminist who wrote the cyborg manifesto, she was reacting to the kind of feminist she saw in the 80’s. She suggests we are all already cyborg and we need to embrace are machine and animal connection. We can embrace are alliances with technologies and other being to create a more optimistic future. Based on the cyborgs of today Daniels says that the women working in technology manufacturing are in some kind of way cyborgs. Donna Haraway would agree with her and says never mind your alliance with technology if you wear a watch or contact you’re already a cyborg.   Its still manufactured women and usually women because they have small hands and they can put in chips and things like that.  If its exploited labor, is the Internet really changing are world for the better?  Digital technologies have uneven affects on different groups.  Women remain the poorest global citizen despite the digital era.  However they are increasing the participation despite not having access. They may not get on but when they do get on they get on a big way. Identity Tourism:  Lisa Nakamura: talks about identity tourism process where by one-group tries on for seize of another group or gender, computer cross-dressing.  If you can use three different colors for an avatar it shows race is color light, medium and dark and not linage and heritage.  It’s easy to take one off and another off where in real life that’s not a case.  If commodifies difference, selling difference as a product.  One of the most appealing aspects of the Internet in the early days was much more private and people could become who they wanted for an example a visible minority isn’t visible unless they wanted to.  WHERE NOW: we’re linked back to our offline identities often and both worlds are now integrated to one another.  Your digital identity may come back and haunt you.  The idea that people now go online to alien lines of race or gender you can’t erase them if you want to.  Race matters online, even though people think online spaces were free of biases we know that’s not true. Disembodiment:  The idea that via information technology you can ditch your body and go online as a mind, as soul and identity.  Descartes: I think ther
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