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University of Toronto Scarborough
Women's and Gender Studies
Jin Park

2012-10-31 IEEC31H3/WSTC21H3 F Lecture 7: Military and Disease Last week: • How Japanese scientists used colonial women’s bodies to differentiate between other Asian groups in terms of racial superiority and also class superiority • Without western science and research, Japanese scientists and medicine and science in Japan would not be possible • Non-western science would not be possible w/o western science (is this true in its entirety?) Lecture: • How science invested in male bodies particularly in the bodies of male soldiers which were conceived as strong male bodies • Convergence between imperialism, colonial expansion and scientific control through military intervention • Familiarity with European and American colonial expansion of South/east Asian countries and new world countries • Japanese colonialism under the Meiji Era branched out of Japan and expanded to nearby East Asian countries such as Taiwan , Korea, Northeast China • China in the late 1930s began to colonize former European colonies • Japan was the only non-western colonizer to impose Asian on Asian imperialism that promoted assimilation to Japanese culture o Colonized people in East Asian nations that shared similar racial and ethnic similarities through the phenotypic sense unlike western colonizers  White colonizers substantiated white power and hegemony o Japanese colonizers exercised a familiar duality which was absent in the Western colonizers  Japanese share the same cultural and racial affinities with the colonized peoples’ which was missing from the western colonizers  How Japanese colonizers like western colonizers used women’s bodies in scientific terms • Hygiene (eisei) in the Japanese Imperial Army o Flag of Japanese Imperial Army  Success for the nation in the late nineteenth century came from the successes of the military  Sino-Japanese war in which Taiwan became Japan’s colony  Russo-Japanese War in which Japan defeated Russia in this war • These two successes came from military understanding of hygiene o Nagayo Sensai  Learned from a Japanese scholar who knew Dutch before Sensai was sent to Germany to study further  The concept of public health is a modern invention in North America o Otto von Bismarck implemented public health and gov’t involvement in health  Saw the individual health as a citizen health which would be a responsibility of the state  Bismarck’s thinking of public health w
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