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Radia (1)
Lecture

Tutorial 2,3,4,6 Notes


Department
Women's and Gender Studies
Course Code
WSTA01H3
Professor
Radia

Page:
of 3
Tutorial 2
Diversity ← Migration ← Globalization
-definition
-who is included/excluded
-power relation
-relate to your experience
-relate to other subjects
Diversity:
Multiculturalism, variety
Joining ideas and thoughts
Can be connected to nature, animals, eco-feminism
Value, religion, race, culture, language, gender, sex
Canada is multicultural in GTA but not in rural areas
Migration:
Movement between countries
Forced migration due to war or lack of economics
Choice vs. forced
Cultural assimilation = adapting to other cultures
Globalization:
Connecting the world through communication (internet, media and its influences)
Shifted relations between consumers and producers
Cross culture – blend
Making some countries more dominant than others
Loss of identity – adaptation
War = domination of power
Cultural give-and-take
Imperialism and colonizers
Tutorial 3
*How your knowledge (idea) is constructed*
Doniger:
Beheading → silence → powerless
You cannot see, smell, speak, hear
Others cannot see you, therefore it is “double darkness”
Braidotti:
Head is a symbol of modernity → technology, science, globalization
Head is a symbol of knowledge, rational, sexuality
Technology = powerless
Female = monstrous
Post-modernism
Foucault
Bio-power
Media → politics
Hamington:
Externalization (originating), objectification (accepting), internalization (identifying),
reification (questioning)
Neo-liberalism
The “Other” = monstrous → rejected from society
Tutorial 4
Language:
Liberal feminist theory (individualism)
Marxist theory (class relation)
Cultural feminist theory – values each culture’s characteristics
– Women - centred
Psychoanalysis (Freud) – interpret based on biology and body
– Women want to connect to men but men tend to dominate
women
– used for propaganda, advertisements, etc.
Radical feminist theory
“Personal is political”
Gaze:
Western – male – science
Eastern – female
Berger/Mulvey/Shohat
Dark-centred – real representation, “rediscover”, colonize
Tutorial 6
Wollstonecraft
“virtue”
education
Western philosopher
Harding
Diversity – knowledge + experience = integration
“reinventing” ourselves as others”
“stand-point theory”
Mohanty & Minh-H
women/woman
generalization
location
knowledge/language brings power
Bell Hooks
political action
connection between race/gender/class