Chapter 12: origin of food production and settled life. O beginning ~14k ya, ppl began to depend less on big game hunting and more- relatively stationed food resources (fish, shellfish, small game, wild plants) O europe/near east which these developments took place is called the mesolithic. Fist clear switch over to food production- the cultivation and domestication of plants and animals in near east (8000 bc)-> neolithic revolution. O sedentism: settling in a single, permanent location. Food collection: all forms of subsistence technology in which food-getting is dependent on naturally occurring resources- wild plants and animals. O subsistence technology: the methods human use to procure food. Foragers: ppl who subsist on the collection of naturally occurring plants and animals- also referred to as hunter and gatherers- live in marginal areas of earth (deserts, artic, tropical forests) Food production: the form of subsistence technology in which food getting is dependent on the cultivation and domestication of plants and animals.