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Lecture 4

ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Noun Phrase, Verb Phrase


Course Code
Marcel Danesi

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January 29, 2009
Lecture 4: Text, Syntax, Paradigm
x On how others talking (or using signs) to and/or about us shape our self
x Not how we express ourselves to others
x Make sure you have a very concrete, specific example- refer to specific sentences,
phrases, signs, etc. and who, when, and where used them
x State as clearly as you can why this is a good example
x Reading is not necessary, but if your example is something you read about you must give
a complete reference
Text, Syntax, Paradigm: Main Terms
x Syntagmatic
x Paradigmatic
x Essentialize
x Acceptability and Grammaticality
x Grammatical Categories
x (Grammatical) Agreement
o Number, Gender Agreement
x For more info:
o Textbook
o Internet
o %RRNVLQ³3´VHFWLRQth floor Robarts)
x Text:
o (1) Any meaningful item or items perceived as a unit
x Ex: book, one word
o (2) A meaningful item or items understood as not functioning part of a larger
o ³7REHRUQRWWREH´- a text
o Hamlet- a text
o Linguistic and non-linguistic texts
o Anything can be described as a text- a city is a text
x In language and in some other semiotic systems
x The meaning and function of each item depends on the context
x Items derives their function and meaning from their relations
Two Types of Relations
x Syntagmatic and paradigmatic
o How one item relates to an item in an meaningful text
x Syntagmatic: sequential string relations
o Can also be described as horizontal
x Paradigmatic: substitution relations
o Can also be described as Vertical
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