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Lecture 4

Linguistics-Lecture 4-Text Syntax and Paradigm Jan 29 2009

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi

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January 29, 2009
Lecture 4: Text, Syntax, Paradigm
Essay
x On how others talking (or using signs) to and/or about us shape our self
x Not how we express ourselves to others
x Make sure you have a very concrete, specific example- refer to specific sentences,
phrases, signs, etc. and who, when, and where used them
x State as clearly as you can why this is a good example
x Reading is not necessary, but if your example is something you read about you must give
a complete reference
Text, Syntax, Paradigm: Main Terms
x Syntagmatic
x Paradigmatic
x Essentialize
x Acceptability and Grammaticality
x Grammatical Categories
x (Grammatical) Agreement
o Number, Gender Agreement
x For more info:
o Textbook
o Internet
o %RRNVLQ³3´VHFWLRQth floor Robarts)
Text
x Text:
o (1) Any meaningful item or items perceived as a unit
x Ex: book, one word
o (2) A meaningful item or items understood as not functioning part of a larger
unit
o ³7REHRUQRWWREH´- a text
o Hamlet- a text
o Linguistic and non-linguistic texts
o Anything can be described as a text- a city is a text
Context
x In language and in some other semiotic systems
x The meaning and function of each item depends on the context
x &RQWH[WZKDWVRXWVLGHWKHDFWXDOWH[WEXWLVUHOHYDQWWRLW
Relationality
x Items derives their function and meaning from their relations
x «WRRWKHUSDUWVRIWKHWH[WDQGWRWKHFRQWH[W
Two Types of Relations
x Syntagmatic and paradigmatic
o How one item relates to an item in an meaningful text
x Syntagmatic: sequential string relations
o Can also be described as horizontal
x Paradigmatic: substitution relations
o Can also be described as Vertical
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Description
January 29, 2009 Lecture 4: Text, Syntax, Paradigm Essay N On how others talking (or using signs) to andor about us shape our self N Not how we express ourselves to others N Make sure you have a very concrete, specific example- refer to specific sentences, phrases, signs, etc. and who, when, and where used them N State as clearly as you can why this is a good example N Reading is not necessary, but if your example is something you read about you must give a complete reference Text, Syntax, Paradigm: Main Terms N Syntagmatic N Paradigmatic N Essentialize N Acceptability and Grammaticality N Grammatical Categories N (Grammatical) Agreement o Number, Gender Agreement N For more info: o Textbook o Internet th o 44N8L3!80.9L43 floor Robarts) Text N Text: o (1) Any meaningful item or items perceived as a unit N Ex: book, one word o (2) A meaningful item or items understood as not functioning part of a larger unit o %4-04734994-0- a text o Hamlet- a text o Linguistic and non-linguistic texts o Anything can be described as a text- a city is a text Context N In language and in some other semiotic systems N The meaning and function of each item depends on the context N 4390[9ZK,984:98L09K0,.9:,O90[9-:9L870O0;,3994L9 Relationality N Items derives their function and meaning from their relations N 9449K075,798419K090[9,3949K0.4390[9 Two Types of Relations N Syntagmatic and paradigmatic o How one item relates to an item in an meaningful text N Syntagmatic: sequential string relations o Can also be described as horizontal N Paradigmatic: substitution relations o Can also be described as Vertical www.notesolution.com
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