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Lecture 6

Linguistics-Lecture 6-Self Society and Freedom Feb 12 2009

3 Pages
131 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi

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Self, Society, Freedom
The Whorf hypothesis
Social Identity and Language
Hegemony, Resistance, Incorporation
The Whorf Hypothesis
Benjamin Whorf (1897-1941(
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Warning
do not exaggerate the influence of language on thought
French
J'aime le poulet
i like chicken
i love chicken ± j'adore le poulet
- Je t'aime
i love you
false conclusion: the french can't differentiate between people talking
Spanish
Quiero comer
³,ZDQWWRHDW´
Te quiero
³,ORYH\RRU³,ZDQW\R
false conclusion: Spanish speakers can't tell the difference between desire and love
Translation problems
not cognitive (thinking) problems
example: japanese number
example: table vs. desk
Cultural meaning
however, the use and meaning of language does indicate culture-specific ways of thinking about the world
mana - ³DQLPSHUVRQDOIRUFHRIVXSHUQDWXUDORULJLQIRXQGLQDOOREMHFWVSHUVRQVDQGDQLPDOVDQGDVRXUFHRISRZHU´
...polynesian origin, important concept in earlier anthropology, including Whorf
Language as a symptom of social conditions
³ORYH´LVDKLVWRULFDOO\VLWXDWHGFRQFHSW
Ancient greece: eros and agape
medieval troubadours
FXUUHQW³ERXUJHRLV´ORYH
association with- and precondition for- marriage
The FDSLWDOLVWHFRQRPJDQG³ERXUJHRLVORYH´
Mobile, wage labour:
- weaker kinship ties
- wealer friendship ties
- stronger nuclear family ties (man, woman, one or more children)
the husband-wife relationship takes on some o the functions of these weakened ties
³'R\RXORYHPH"´
does language create the social context? [not quite]
does language reflect the social context? [not quite]
Better: language is a central part of the social context
...and of social history
³,ORYH\R- a means by which the socioeconomic system produces and reproduces itself
language behavior is part of social behavior
Sociolinguistics
the study of language in social behavior
how social conditions become internalized by the self and are seen in each peron's language behavior
the sociDO³GLIIHUHQWLDWLRQ´IXQFWLRQRIODQJXDJH
different people are divided into groups, according to how they speak
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Description
Self, Society, Freedom The Whorf hypothesis Social Identity and Language Hegemony, Resistance, Incorporation The Whorf Hypothesis Benjamin Whorf (1897-1941( $9743J:K471+549K08L8,3J:,J009072L308%K4:JK9 :0,N:K471+549K08L8 Warning do not exaggerate the influence of language on thought French Jaime le poulet i like chicken i love chicken jadore le poulet - Je taime i love you false conclusion: the french cant differentiate between people talking Spanish Quiero comer ,Z,39940,9 Te quiero ,O4;04:47,Z,394: false conclusion: Spanish speakers cant tell the difference between desire and love Translation problems not cognitive (thinking) problems example: japanese number example: table vs. desk Cultural meaning however, the use and meaning of language does indicate culture-specific ways of thinking about the world mana - ,3L2507843,O147.0418:5073,9:7,O47LJL314:3L3,OO4-M0.985078438,3,3L2,O8,3,84:7.04154Z07 ...polynesian origin, important concept in earlier anthropology, including Whorf Language as a symptom of social conditions O4;0L8
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