Ethnographic examples: tourism, be able to compare relationships to nature among north american homeowners (lec 6) with those of. **sections of focus: 4. 1, 4. 2, 4. 3 & 4. 6** Chapter 4: the social and cultural construction of reality. Totemism totem was an element of nature (ie animal, plant, insect) that served as a symbol for a group or clan worshipped and considered holy by the members of the group. Freud said that people were worshipping their father in belief of god. Symbolic actions the rituals, myths, arts, literature, and music that we enjoy or participate in all play a role in organizing and making concrete a particular view of the world. Edward sapir suggested that specific languages serve not only as a medium of communication but also to define and guide our perception of experience. Specific languages somehow order the experiences of those who speak them. Vocabulary reflects a the social and physical environment of a people.