ANT100Y1 Lecture : Chapter 8-Cultural Construction of Conflict and Violence Mar 26 2009

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23 Aug 2010
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Ethnographic examples: kiowa, yanamamo, vice lords, ju/hoansi, semai, inuit, xinguano, buid, soa. Chapter 8: the cultural construction of conflict and violence. Creating bias toward collective violence is to reward it. N horses, rank, and warfare among the kiowa: horses=wealth, among kiowa, rank was determined by, S honours accruing him in warfare: kiowa society divided into 4 ranks- to move up a man needed to acquire horses/honours from warfare, kiowa rewarded aggressive behaviour and bravery in battle. N good hosts among yanomamo: another way societies create favour of collective violence is to make it necessary as a way of protecting valuable resources. Intervillage warfare is endemic to yanomamo: women/children= valuable resources, men believe that to protect themselves/resources= hey must be fierce/raid other villages in a way to demonstrate their ferocity. Ferocity may be directed towards village members as well (men beating wives: men strive to acquire females from others, to adopt an antagonistic stance towards others-> encouraging development of ferocity.

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