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Lecture 3

Culture-Lecture 3-The Price of Progress-Feast and Famine Mar 12 2009

4 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi

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Lecture 3: The Price of Progress: Feast & Famine
I. Introduction
x Have food production systems progressed over time?
x Way culture limits choices we exercise when we decide what we are going to eat
x Food choices and consequences
II. The Agricultural Revolution
x Foraging strategies of subsistence
x Agriculture: using domesticated plants and animals
x Changing fundamental ways of humans organized themselves socially, politically
biologically
1. Labour
o Far more human nature is needed when you shift from foraging to
domestic farming
o Increase in populations (trend upwards- pop growth)
o Feed back loop
o Steady rise in human population
o 6SHFLDOL]HGMREVPDNLQJSRWWHU\HWF«
o Net increase in amount of surplus farmers can produce overtime
2. Property
o Energy intensive (farming)
o Soil (not infinite)
o Leave land fallow (after you grow crop- QH[W\HDU\RXGRQWJURZ
anything)
o Fertilization
o Pay very close attn to soil (investment in time and energy)
o Land=private property (not shared resource)
o Once you invest a lot of time, work into land (you start to deny other
people access)
o Claim private ownership
3. Consequences
o Population increases
o People to become possessive about land
o Every generation we have a lot of people who want own land
o Not enough land to go around= social hierarchies
o Some people can mainWDLQRZQHUVKLSRIODQGVRPHGRQWJHWDQ\
o Status differences (some people have guaranteed access to food some
SHRSOHGRQW inequality, poverty)
o Organized warfare
o Writing systems get invented
o Account books for farming (how much taxes are getting charged on
producers)
o Human health status only surpassed the level attained by foragers
o +HDOWKKDVGHFOLQHGDQGKDVQWFRPHWRWKHOHYHORIKHDOWKRIIRUDJHUV
until more recently
o Contagious diseases came from domesticating animals
o As we were living in close knits groups= spreading disease
o = Low life expectancy
o Epidemic diseases
x Positives
o Occupational specialization
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Description
Lecture 3: The Price of Progress: Feast & Famine I. Introduction N Have food production systems progressed over time? N Way culture limits choices we exercise when we decide what we are going to eat N Food choices and consequences II. The Agricultural Revolution N Foraging strategies of subsistence N Agriculture: using domesticated plants and animals N Changing fundamental ways of humans organized themselves socially, politically biologically 1. Labour o Far more human nature is needed when you shift from foraging to domestic farming o Increase in populations (trend upwards- pop growth) o Feed back loop o Steady rise in human population o $50.L,OL]0M4-8 2,NL3J54990709. o Net increase in amount of surplus farmers can produce overtime 2. Property o Energy intensive (farming) o Soil (not infinite) o Leave land fallow (after you grow crop- 30[90,74:439J74Z anything) o Fertilization o Pay very close attn to soil (investment in time and energy) o Land=private property (not shared resource) o Once you invest a lot of time, work into land (you start to deny other people access) o Claim private ownership 3. Consequences o Population increases o People to become possessive about land o Every generation we have a lot of people who want own land o Not enough land to go around= social hierarchies o Some people can main9,L34Z3078KL541O,38420439J09,3 o Status differences (some people have guaranteed access to food some 5045O0439inequality, poverty o Organized warfare o Writing systems get invented o Account books for farming (how much taxes are getting charged on producers) o Human health status only surpassed the level attained by foragers o +0,O9KK,80.OL30,3K,839.420949K0O0;0O41K0,O9K41147,J078 until more recently o Contagious diseases came from domesticating animals o As we were living in close knits groups= spreading disease o = Low life expectancy o Epidemic diseases N Positives o Occupational specialization www.notesolution.com
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