Culture-Lecture 4-War and Peace Mar 19 2009

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23 Aug 2010
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Lecture 4: War & Peace
I. Introduction
x Even though we might share many same ideas- we wont share them all=disagreement
x How to deal with conflict
x :K\๎€ƒRXU๎€ƒFXOWXUDO๎€ƒVROXWLRQV๎€ƒDUHQยถW๎€ƒZRUNLQJ"
x 20th century= age of massacres
x Most violent age of time
II. Keeping the Peace
x Conflict Resolution in Small Scale Societies
o Because we can speak and remember- we argue
o How we resolve disagreement has to do with cultural ideas more so than biology
o If you are raised to resolve conflict through violence that is what you will do and vice versa
o Small face to face social groups (20-50 ppl)
o Conflict resolution is quite different in small scale societies
o Goal is to always preserve long term viability of social group
o Resolve conflict- social remains intact
o No one wants to see conflict in the permanent loss of members
o EX 1: Inuit society; Greenland
๎‚ƒ Living through artic winter in small spaces= occasional disputes
๎‚ƒ Song duel- resolution
๎‚ƒ When 2 ppl in conflict-> no understanding w/ each other-> 1 challenge other to
song dual
๎‚ƒ As each develop song- they would involve family/friends
๎‚ƒ Moment of song duel, community assemble, ppl participate
๎‚ƒ Audience decides winner
๎‚ƒ Whole communities decides in decision
๎‚ƒ Resolve conflict without violence
๎‚ƒ Brings community together (good laugh/put differences aside)
o Gossip: talking about each others behaviour, passing judgment
๎‚ƒ Can be benign
๎‚ƒ Sharing info
๎‚ƒ Mechanism of social control
๎‚ƒ As gossip spreads around, we are trying to decide who is right and who is wrong
๎‚ƒ If social group thinks that the person is out of line-> someone in gossip network will
break silence
๎‚ƒ If situation gets out of control many small societies will resort to mediation
๎‚ƒ Mediator: called into conflict situation, who seeks to find a solution acceptable to all
parties
๎‚ƒ Mediation: not about single person pronouncing decision- but rather to get both
parties to come to a middle ground/acceptable/resolving disagreement
๎‚ƒ Not to be confused with arbitration where a third partied comes in and makes final
decision
x Conflict Resolution in States
o Interpersonal conflict handled differently
o Call in various arms of state
o 3rd SDUWLHV๎€ƒWR๎€ƒKHOS๎€ƒUHVROYH๎€ƒSUREOHP๎€ƒ๎€‹SROLFH๎€๎€ƒKHDOWK๎€ƒGHSDUWPHQW๎€ƒยซ๎€Œ
o Laws relatives inflexible rather than small face to face groups
o Mediator can make a lot of exceptions/bend/mold rules to suit situation
o EX: 2
๎‚ƒ Throwing garbage in mutual driveway
o Goal of state when some breaks laws= their job is not actually to resolve conflict but to
SXQLVK๎€ƒWKH๎€ƒFULPLQDO๎€’๎€ƒWR๎€ƒPDNH๎€ƒWKHP๎€ƒSD\๎€ƒIRU๎€ƒZKDW๎€ƒWKH๎€ƒKDYH๎€ƒGRQH๎€ƒ๎€‹MDLO๎€๎€ƒPRQH\๎€ƒยซ๎€Œ
o Once someone has been punished-> they are less likely to restore good social relationships
o Main function of state control punishment of crime- not to restore social peace but to tell ppl
who is in charge- intimidate population as whole and reinforce idea that state is in control,
not people
www.notesolution.com
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Document Summary

N even though we might share many same ideas- we wont share them all=disagreement. Living through artic winter in small spaces= occasional disputes. S when 2 ppl in conflict-> no understanding w/ each other-> 1 challenge other to song dual. S as each develop song- they would involve family/friends. S moment of song duel, community assemble, ppl participate. S brings community together (good laugh/put differences aside: gossip: talking about each others behaviour, passing judgment. S as gossip spreads around, we are trying to decide who is right and who is wrong. If social group thinks that the person is out of line-> someone in gossip network will break silence. If situation gets out of control many small societies will resort to mediation. S mediator: called into conflict situation, who seeks to find a solution acceptable to all parties. S mediation: not about single person pronouncing decision- but rather to get both parties to come to a middle ground/acceptable/resolving disagreement.

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