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Lecture

ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Catarrhini, Primatology, Conservation Biology


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Shawn Lehman

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ANT100Y1Y Outline for EVOL ANTH Lecture #3
Lecture Goals
How primates differ from other
mammals.
Basic taxonomic characters of living
primates.
Primate ecology and sociality.
Main conservation issues for primates.
Primatologists at UT
Michael Schillaci (UTSC): Anthropological primatology, bioarchaeology, public health.
Joyce Parga (UTSC): molecular genetics, sperm competition, female dominance.
Shawn Lehman (St. George): conservation biology, biogeography, evolutionary ecology.
Primate Characteristics
Primate Activity Patterns
Primate Taxonomy
Strepsirhine Characteristics
Dental tooth comb.
Moist rhinarium.
Unfused mandibular and frontal
symphases.
Tapetum lucidum.
Postorbitol bar.
Two superfamilies: Lemuroidea and
Lorisoidea.
Lemurs & Lorises and Galagos
Haplorhine Characteristics
Dry nose.
Retinal fovea.
Postorbitol closure.
Fused mandibular and frontal symphases
(cf. Tarsiers).
Three infraorders: Tarsiiformes,
Platyrrhini, and Catarrhini.
Tarsiiformes, Platyrrhines, & Catarrhines
Human beings: Homo sapiens
Body Size
Scaling: Area (L x W) and volume (L x W X D) change at different rates.
Animal doubles in size will be eight times heavier.
Small animals have greater heat (energy) loss than larger animals.
Primate Habitats
Tropical rainforests, dry forests, deserts,
and savannas.
Primary vs. secondary forests.
Ecological Niche.
Forest microhabitats
Emergent layer
Canopy
Understory
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