ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Torus Mandibularis, Messenger Rna, Somatic Cell

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18 Feb 2017
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ANT100Y1 Full Course Notes
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ANT100Y1 Full Course Notes
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Focuses on how evolution works at level of phenotypes, genes, and populations. Somatic cells: most cells in body (except sex cells) Cytoplasm: complex mix of membranes, molecules, and tiny structures called organelles. Paired rod-shaped structures in cell nucleus containing genes that transmit traits from generation to generation. Deoxyribonucleic acid: nucleic acid used to store genetic information that codes for the synthesis of proteins. Four bases: adenine (a), guanine (g), cytosine (c), & thymine (t) - hydrogen-bonded (a pairs with t, g pairs with c) Dictate synthesis of proteins that perform a wide variety of functions in body. Work with structures in cell (ribosomes) that are critical for manufacture of proteins. Transport amino acids to ribosomes for the creation of proteins. Linear sequences of amino acids: building blocks of cells. Each protein has speci c function determined by blueprint stored in dna. : catalysis of all biochemical reactions is done by enzymes, which contain protein (digestion); and many more.

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