ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Manufacturing Consent, Language Ideology, Neuroplasticity

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT100Y1
Professor
Language, Society, Freedom
February 7, 2013
Language, Society, Freedom
Language and signifying behavior in general, limits what we can say, think
and do,
Often below the level of our consciousness
Limiting innovation preserves the social order
And can be hegemonic
o “thou shalt not steal” – hegemonic notion as it supports the social
order
So how free are we?
Lecture Themes:
Language varieties:
o 1. Languages, dialects, language ideologies
o 2. Social variation: accents, sociologists, registers
o Hegemony: Three Approaches
1. Manufacturing consent
2. Conformity and resistance
3. Incorporation
Language Varieties:
Language varieties: “languages, dialects, accents”
Language, dialect, and accents”: popular, not scientific terms
Nation, Language, Dialect
“Language: a dialect with an army” – if a way of speaking is associated with a
social or political power it becomes a language
“Languages”: Danish, Norwegian; Russian, Ukrainian; Malay, Indonesian;
Serbian, Croatian varieties with a state
o arguably all these couples are varieties but realistically a person that
speaks Malayan can understand Indonesian
o Why are they called languages when they are so similar to each other?
Political reason, struggle for independence
“Dialects”: Cantonese, Fukinese, Mandarin, etc.; Tagalog, Ilokano varieties
with no state
Languages”: Serbian, Croatian; Hindi, Urdu – varieties with a region (and
script)
“Accents”
Why do foreign accents persist?
Objective reasons: critical period for learning distant languages
o 11-14 years of age
o brain plasticity
Subjective reasons: foreign accents depends on both production and
reception of speech: how people speak and how we hear them
Accent types and ethnic groups
“East European”
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Document Summary

Language and signifying behavior in general, limits what we can say, think and do, Often below the level of our consciousness. And can be hegemonic: thou shalt not steal hegemonic notion as it supports the social order. Social variation: accents, sociologists, registers: hegemony: three approaches. Language, dialect, and accents : popular, not scientific terms. Language: a dialect with an army if a way of speaking is associated with a social or political power it becomes a language. ; tagalog, ilokano varieties with no state. Languages : serbian, croatian; hindi, urdu varieties with a region (and script) Objective reasons: critical period for learning distant languages: 11-14 years of age, brain plasticity. Subjective reasons: foreign accents depends on both production and reception of speech: how people speak and how we hear them. Accent classifications reflect relations across the world and within the community. I don"t see nothin" wrong with beasts o" the southern wile winnin" an oscar .

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