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ANT100Y1 Full Course Notes
A(cid:374)thropology week 4 lecture notes: pri(cid:373)ate behavior & ecology. Primates are mammals (warm-blooded, having hair and feeding milk to young) Primates differ by having: grasping hands and feet, collarbone, radius and ulna, forward facing eyes and stereoscopic vision (overlap at our visual fields for depth) Primate activity patterns: nocturnal, diurnal: active during day, crepuscular: active at dawn and dusk, cathemeral: active any time of day or night. Primate diets: most primates eat a variety of fruits, insects, flowers and leaves, a few species specialize by eating mostly or only leaves. Which tale special gut adaptations to digest, or insects: generally, larger-bodied species can eat more leaves whereas smaller-bodied species can eat more insects. Strepsirhine characteristics: dental tooth comb, moist rhinarium, unfused mandibular and frontal symphases, tapetum lucidum (good night vision, postorbital bar, superfamilies: lemuroidea and lorisoidea. Lemuroidea: madagascar and comoro islands, arboreal quadrupeds and leapers; some terrestrial, many small bodied species are nocturnal, female dominance, varied diet.