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Lecture 1

ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Homo Sapiens, Potlatch, Bride Price

Course Code
Ivan Kalmar

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Culture difference prejudice
Lecture themes:
Culture and language: communication, imagination (through culture and
language), identity (we belong to a certain group)
Culture, language, and adaptation
Human universals and differences
How real is race?
Anthro and difference
What we learn from each other vs what was “programmed” by our genes
Something you learn from other people
Being able to have a culture is something “programmed” by our genes
The “program” enables culture-specific ways of acting, living and thinking:
Forming procreative relationships
Recognizing hierarchy
Dealing with violence
Sharing and giving
Cultural universals and particulars:
Cultures are significantly different, but not infinitely different
Human culture have more in common than not
Universals restrict the particulars
Definition of incest is diff according to culture
A distinctively human resource and central element of culture, used for:
Communication and cooperation
Adapting to the natural and social environment
Signification (making meanings)..structuring our imagination
How we see the world
how we see each other
How we see ourselves
Language and languages
Like cultures, languages have more in common than not
Nouns and verbs
Recap: universals and divisions
Language and culture are human universals
But specific language and specific cultures are human particulars
Universals (language, culture) are innate
Transmitted via genes (through sex)
Particulars (languages, cultures are learned)
Transmitted via society
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