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Lecture

lecture 1 biology

4 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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ANT100Y1
September 23, 2010
Section 1: Biological Anthropology
Section Goals
1) Historical development of biological science.
2) Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity.
3) Fundamental biological & evolutionary concepts.
4) How anthropologists, including those in my department, apply evolutionary biology in their research.
What is Evolutionary Anthropology?
-Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and behaviour
of human and non-human primates.
Primatology
-Scientific study of non-human primates.
-Primate anatomy, field studies of wild animals, primate psychology, etc.
-Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems.
Paleoanthropology
-Multidisciplinary study of:
-Biological evolution of humans and non-human primates.
-Advent of and changes in human cultural activities.
-Evolutionary history of behaviour in human and non-human primates.
Human Variation
-spatial and temporal variations in human features.
-examples include geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin color, hair, etc.
Medical Anthropology
-How social, environmental, and biological factors influence health and illness of individuals at the
community, regional, national, and global levels.
Forensic Anthropology
-Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
-Forensic anthropologists seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry, and any trauma or disease of
the deceased.
Major Questions about Humans and our Biology
-How does evolution work and how does it apply to us?
-What are biological characteristics of our species?
-What is physical record of our evolution (paleoanthropology)?
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Description
ANT100Y1 September 23, 2010 Section 1: Biological Anthropology Section Goals 1) Historical development of biological science. 2) Diversity of life & natural processes produced this diversity. 3) Fundamental biological & evolutionary concepts. 4) How anthropologists, including those in my department, apply evolutionary biology in their research. What is Evolutionary Anthropology? -Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and behaviour of human and non-human primates. Primatology -Scientific study of non-human primates. -Primate anatomy, field studies of wild animals, primate psychology, etc. -Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems. Paleoanthropology -Multidisciplinary study of: -Biological evolution of humans and non-human primates. -Advent of and changes in human cultural activities. -Evolutionary history of behaviour in human and non-human primates. Human Variation -spatial and temporal variations in human features. -examples include geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin color, hair, etc. Medical Anthropology -How social, environmental, and biological factors influence health and illness of individuals at the community, regional, national, and global levels. Forensic Anthropology -Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans -Forensic anthropologists seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry, and any trauma or disease of the deceased. Major Questions about Humans and our Biology -How does evolution work and how does it apply to us? -What are biological characteristics of our species? -What is physical record of our evolution (paleoanthropology)? www.notesolution.com
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