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Lecture 7

ANT100Y1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Binomial Nomenclature, Evolutionary Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

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Shawn Lehman

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Anthropology- Lecture #7 (Oct 22/09)
- Office: AP404A Tuesdays 2:00pm-3:00pm
- Bio evolutionary anthropology
What is Evolutionary Anthropology?
o Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology, and
behaviour of human and non-human primates
5 research disciplines
1. Primatology
- Scientific study of non-human primates
- Research topics range from descriptions of primate anatomy through field studies of wild
animals to investigation of primate psychology
- Primatologists
2. Paleanthropology
- Multidisciplinary study of:
- Biological evolution of human and non-human primates
- Advent of and changes in human cultural activities
- Evolutionary history of behaviour in human and in human primates
3. Human Variation
- Spatial and temporal variations in human features (e.g. Geographic and climatic variations in
body size, skin colour, and eye colour)
4. Medical Anthropology
- How social, environmental and biological factors influence health and illness of individuals at the
community. Regional, national, and global levels
5. Forensic Anthropology
-Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
- Seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry and any trauma or disease
Major Questions about Humans and our Biology
1) How does evolution work and how dies it apply to us?
2) What are the biological characteristics of our species?
3) What is the physical record of our evolution?
- How do evolutionary anthropologists conduct their research?
o State the problem
o Gather info
o Form a hypothesis
o Test the hypothesis
o Record and analyze data
o State the conclusions
o Repeat the work
Carlus Linnaeus (1707-1778)
- 1st Comprehensive classification system for living things
- Each plant and animal was named as a separate species
- On basis of physical resemblance, species grouped into broader categories called genera (singular
genus) called a phonetic approach
- He was fascinated with life and categorized everything
- Binomial Nomenclature (he came up with it)
- The first letter of the genus is capitalized like so: Homo
- Species designations are always lower case, like so: sapiens
- Off-set text by underlining if hand-writing (Homo sapiens) or italicizing when typing (Homo spaniens)
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