Hawaiian kinship did not have separate words for mother and aunt. Theory of substance relations: almost every cultural understanding of kinship depends on the theory of what connect children to their parents. Dayak longhouse: large buildings where consisting of a large extended kin group living under one roof. Affective relations live love between husband and wife vs. love between sister and brother. Patriarchal relations: the way in which we characterize relationship in such a way that males have some power over the female. Incest taboo (prohibition on incest- depends on who is considered pat of the essential familial group) generalized exchange and marriage in a circle are examples to avoid incest taboo. These can also reinforce status relationships for the circle example because the lower social class has to provide a wife to a higher social class and exogamy. Forces families to move in together and readapt. Changing economy circumstances can have an effect on kinship relations.