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Lecture

Primate Ecology & Behaviour


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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Primates
-closest living relatives
Primate characteristics
-Primates are mammals (warm blooded, having hair and feeding milk to its young)
-Differ from most mammals by having:
----grasping hands and feet, collarbone (clavicle), radius and ulna, forward facing eyes and
stereoscopic vision (visual overlap which provides depth perception), great proportion of
our brain for eyesight
Activity patterns
-Nocturnal: active in night
-Diurnal: active during day
-Crepuscular: active at dawn and dusk
-Cathemeral: active any time of day or night
Diets
Frugivore: diet of fruit
Folivore: diet of leaves
Insectivore: diet of insects
Faunivore: diet of invertebrates and vertebrates
Gummivore: diet of tree exudates
Graminivore: small seeds and grasses
Omnivore: varied diet of any of the above
Know primate taxonomy up until the infraorder level
Strepsirhine characteristics
-Dental tooth comb
-Moist rhinarium
-Unfused mandibular and frontal symphases
-Tapetum lucidum
-Postorbital bar – bone around the eye
-Two superfamiles: Lumuroidea and Lorisoidea
--see better in the dark
Lemuroidea
-Madagascar and Comoro islands
-Arboreal quadruplets and leapers; some are partially terrestrial
-Many small bodied species are nocturnal
-Female dominance
-Varied diet
Lorisoida
-Found throughout sub Saharan Africa and southeast asis
-Lorises and galagos
-Arboreal quadruplets
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