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Lecture

Analysis and Interpretation

4 Pages
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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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November 4th, 2010.
Analysis and Interpretation
(Re)construction
Careful analysis of the environment in which…materials are found in order to say
something about the circumstances by which that material came to be there
Circumstance = natural and human agencies
First…Data Processing
Cleaning
[Conservation]
-May or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact
Cataloguing
Then…Data Organization
Involves classification
-Process by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre-arranged system
-Rules determine whether an item belongs or does not belong to a class
Data Organization
One popular method of classification & analysis is through the use of a typology
-Typology: classification of artifacts ‘states’ based on some criterion or criteria
Question: Were the artifact types we recognized today also recognized in the
past?
In other words are they emic or etic in nature?
-Emic – ‘insiders view’ of culture; the type was recognized by its manufacturer as
meaningful
-Etic – ‘outsiders view’ of culture; the type is only meaningful to the analyst
Typically, we distinguish between:
Artifacts, which include items made from
-Stone (Lithics)
-Clay (Ceramics)
-Metal
-Bones (Faunal), and
-Plants (e.g. baskets, wooden tools)
And:
Ecofacts, which include
-Faunal remains – animal bones not used as tools
-Floral remains – plant materials not used as tools
Finally…Analysis (Artifacts)
-Lithics Tools
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Description
th November 4 , 2010. Analysis and Interpretation (Re)construction Careful analysis of the environment in whichmaterials are found in order to say something about the circumstances by which that material came to be there Circumstance = natural and human agencies FirstData Processing Cleaning [Conservation] - May or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact Cataloguing ThenData Organization Involves classification - Process by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre-arranged system - Rules determine whether an item belongs or does not belong to a class Data Organization One popular method of classification & analysis is through the use of a typology - Typology: classification of artifacts states based on some criterion or criteria Question: Were the artifact types we recognized today also recognized in the past? In other words are they emic or etic in nature? - Emic insiders view of culture; the type was recognized by its manufacturer as meaningful - Etic outsiders view of culture; the type is only meaningful to the analyst Typically, we distinguish between: Artifacts, which include items made from - Stone (Lithics) - Clay (Ceramics) - Metal - Bones (Faunal), and - Plants (e.g. baskets, wooden tools) And: Ecofacts, which include - Faunal remains animal bones not used as tools - Floral remains plant materials not used as tools FinallyAnalysis (Artifacts) - Lithics Tools www.notesolution.com
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