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What is Evolutionary Anthropology?
x Application of modern evolutionary theory to studies of the morphology, ecology,
and behaviour of human and non human primates
x What defines us as species and how does this relate to all aspects of evolution??
5 Research Disciplines
o Scientific study of non human primates
o Primate anatomy, field studies of wild animals, primate psychology
o Primatologists seek to conserve primates in vanishing tropical ecosystems
o Multidisciplinary study of:
o Biological evolution of humans and non human primates
o Advent of and changes in human and cultural activities
o Evolutionary history of behaviour in human and non human primates
x Human Variation
o Spatial and temporal variations in human features
o For example, geographic and climatic variations in body size, skin colour,
and eye colour
o Some related to climate, some related to geography
x Medical Anthro
o How social, environment, and biological factors influence health and
illness of individuals at the community, regional, national, and global
o How does this work at each level?
x Forensic Anthropology
o Skeletal, dental
o Focuses only on skeletal remains of humans
o Forensic anthropologists seek to determine the age, sex, stature, ancestry,
and any trauma or disease of the deceased
Major Questions about Humans and our Biology
x How does evolution work and how does it apply to us
o It is effecting everybody, right here and now
o Everything surrounding us has
o We are adapting from one generation to next
x What are biological characteristics of our species?
x What is physical record of through time?
The Scientific Method