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ANT100Y1 (1,007)
Lecture

ANT - L08 [Nov 04 2010]

4 Pages
140 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Christopher Watts

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L08 ± Archaeology (2)
(Re)construction:
x ³FDUHIXODQDO\VLVRIWKHHQYLURQPHQWLQZKLFK«PDWHULDOVDUHIRXQGLQRUGHUWR
say something about the circumstances E\ZKLFKWKDWPDWHULDOFDPHWREHWKHUH´
(Paul Bahn)
o Circumstances ± natural and human agencies
(1) Data Processing
x Cleaning
x [Conservation]
o May or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact class
o 6RPHWKLQJVDUHGXUDEOHDQGGRQ¶WUHDFWWRFKDQJHVLQWKHHQYLURQPHQW
o Employed mostly for fragile things
x Cataloguing
(2) Data Organization
x Involves classification
o Process by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre-arranged
system
o Rules determine whether an item belongs to a class
Rules determine the inclusiveness of each class
x Typology is a popular method of classification and analysis
o ClasVLILFDWLRQRIDUWLIDFWµVWDWHV¶EDVHGRQVRPHFULWHULRQRUFULWHULD
x Were the artifact types we recognize today also recognized in the past?
o Emic ± µLQVLGHVYLHZ¶RIFXOWXUHWKHW\SHZDVUHFRJQL]HGE\LWV
manufacturer as meaningful
o Etic ± µRXWVLGHU¶VYLHZ¶RIFXOWXUHWKHW\SHLVRQO\PHDQLQJIXOWRWKH
analyst
x Typically, we distinguish between:
o Artifacts made from:
Stone (Lithics)
Clay (Ceramics)
Metal
Bonues (Faunal)
Plants (e.g., baskets, wooden tools)
o Ecofacts
Faunal remains ± animal bones not used as tools
Floral remains ± plant materials not used as tools
(3) Analysis (Artifacts)
x Lithic Tools
o Display evidence of reduction
o Subdivided into:
Chipped or flaked lithic tools
x µ)OLQWNDSSLQJ¶± one of earliest industrial arts
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Description
L08 Archaeology (2) (Re)construction: N .,701:O,3,O8L8419K003;L7432039L3ZKL.K2,907L,O8,7014:3L3470794 say something about the circumstances -ZKL.K9K,92,907L,O.,2094-09K070 (Paul Bahn) o Circumstances natural and human agencies (1) Data Processing N Cleaning N [Conservation] o May or may not be necessary; depends on the artifact class o $4209KL3J8,70:7,-O0,343970,.994.K,3J08L39K003;L7432039 o Employed mostly for fragile things N Cataloguing (2) Data Organization N Involves classification o Process by which we assign items to categories (classes) in a pre-arranged system o Rules determine whether an item belongs to a class Rules determine the inclusiveness of each class N Typology is a popular method of classification and analysis o Clas8L1L.,9L4341,79L1,.989,908-,80438420.7L907L4347.7L907L, N Were the artifact types we recognize today also recognized in the past? o Emic L38L078;L0Z41.:O9:709K0950Z,870.4J3L]0-L98 manufacturer as meaningful o Etic 4:98L078;L0Z41.:O9:709K0950L843O20,3L3J1:O949K0 analyst N Typically, we distinguish between: o Artifacts made from: Stone (Lithics) Clay (Ceramics) Metal Bonues (Faunal) Plants (e.g., baskets, wooden tools) o Ecofacts Faunal remains animal bones not used as tools Floral remains plant materials not used as tools (3) Analysis (Artifacts) N Lithic Tools o Display evidence of reduction o Subdivided into: Chipped or flaked lithic tools N OL39N,55L3J one of earliest industrial arts www.notesolution.com
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