ANT100 MARCH 22.docx

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24 Mar 2012
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ANT100 MARCH 22, 2012
Take 2 inuit Eskimo system
- Emphasizes lineal kin: descriptive terms
- Distinguishes lineal from collateral kin in the parental generation
- Classifies matrilateral and patrilateral kin together
Cognatic bith sides with ambilineal descent
- ambilineal affilation is determined in each generation often marriage then typically closed
example precolonial Hawaii. Choice depends on parents rank availability of land. Resources
- not born with
- places with limited resources that are redistributed like on islands
- choose depending on availabiloity of resources on land, more land with mother then father ass
with mother not father
- ecery generation choose who to affiliate with
descent and subsitence
- matrilineal societies: in horticulture agriculture (more in past ancient nubia), some herders,
some complex foragers, sedentary villages who forage for wild food
- people she worked with their ancestors have matrilineta descent
- correlated but imperfectly with strong female role in subsitence, especially farming
- in pueblo in sw us and pekoe (article assigned) and kalmars wurth hypothesis langiage has no
apparent tense markers, therefore language predisposes to us to experience world in certain
ways, iroqouis are matri, Navaho, in asia matrilineal the linear household formation typically
around relations between sisters and brothers stay in household must of life may marry other
lineage but not go live ceremonial marriage, women take lovers children
- in sahelian Africa, Indonesia, indeia:matrilineal pronceple eroded or added to by patrilineal
influences of Christianity and islam
patrilineal societies
- horticulture, agriculture, herding
- coreeleated imperfectly with strong male role in defense
- more widespread than matrilineal today
ambilineal
- hort, agrci, complex foragers, example pacific islands Hawaii, Samoa
- correlated imperfectly with restricted environments and competition for resources
- competition resources
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- optional affiliation (often with patrilineal tendency) faciliaties periodic redesitribution of people
and productive resources
take 2 cognatic both sides with ambiineal descent
- affilation through any combination
Hawaiian kin terms:generational
- ego is person u are here in geneaology
- brother and sister same terms as for egos cousins on wither side of family cousins are siblings
- parents siblings are parents to ego,
- most lumping together of relatives
- choose which side
- emphasizes differcens between and within gen may also disnguish bith order ie rank and as here
sex, broadly classificatory common with cognatic/ambilineal descent
- so far see cousing lumped together in na they are distinguished from siblings but same term oon
either side
- Hawaii lumped together silings and cousins
- In unilinear matr or part much finer distintion made between cousins bc may who among
cousins should marry
Antho shorth hand for kin
- Enables us to make distinction among cousing
- M mother
- F father
- D daughter
- S son
- B brother
- Z sister cant have two s
- H husband
- W wife
- Combinations kin types difd among kin example those we call cousins
- Fzd fathers sister daughter
- Mzs mothers sister sone
Making fine distinction maong kin important for understanfding marriage as well as descent
Marriage
- Is frequnelt arranged by parents and other kin
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- When econ or pol all manner of social life productive through kinship irrespionible choice of
ones partner to young person with hormones to someone knoes in and outs
- As an alliance between descent groups families not between two people
- European history queen elixasbeth restricted who marry
- Nobility marry among selves
- Lineages/clans may exchange spuses (esp in herding hort societies) a to b then b to a women
moved one to next
- Feminist exchange of personale social insurance
- Often cemented by exchange of wealth (productive resources such as livestock): bridewealth or
dowry
- Gift statemtne of relationship between giver and receiver, recip in short term with bridewealth
which enables womens brother get a wife another things is establish social paternity, man sire
offspring may or may not be hiusnad, more paternity disputed then matrinrty, women can take
role of social father, not linked to biological masculinity
- Romantic love happen whether married or not
- They do Is marry young women to older men
- Younger girls take lovers own age not preganat and if do husbandnot find out kid has social
father in womens husband
- Broidewaetk compensation romantic love mess up romantic
- Exogamy marriage outside a specified group vs endogamy marriage inside a specified group with
lineage sometimes preffered
- Relative terms marry putside lineage but inside village endo village exo lineage specify group
range
Positive marriage rul
- You must/should marry someone who stands in a specific relationship to you often cousin
- Found in many but not all socieited
Negative
- Universal rule every socirt has one
- You must not marry kin too close
- Supported by a societies incest prohiniton, sexual relations consiferd incest
- Range of kin varies
- Egypt bro and sis can marry, now incest
- Catholic not marry first cousin
- If instinctual not mate with kin not need rule social necessity
- Some form found in all societies (universal) but content varies
- Example come from lakher n Burma patrilineal
- Colors refer descent groups green related
- Marriage to daughter or son of fathers divorced wife is not permiteted, considered incestorous
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