Linguistic Anthro Lecture 4.docx

5 views6 pages
8 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Linguistic Anthropology Lecture 4
Language, Society Freedom
Language, Culture, and Freedom
We covered that language both separates and unites us
Can help us categorize the world and ourselves as a separate being
It helps us label people so we can put them in these different classifications
Chow else can we communicate as human beings?
How can we know that others classify themselves as separate beings as well?
Because they represent their psyche just as we/I do
[Referring to the video at the beginning of the class in which a dog and man
are dancing meringue] But what about animals? The dog in the video learned
to dance just as a human would, but does the dance mean the same to the
man as to the dog? Does he enjoy the rhythm/Latin music?
We will cover conformity, how language contributes to the fact that we obey
and confirm
How is it that human beings conform? Think of basic inequalities, why
don‟t starving people just take from those who have more than
enough? It‟s an innate understanding that we don‟t want to misbehave
Language and signifying behaviour in general, limits what we can say, think, and
do,
We are limited by our language and can‟t communicate easily beyond it
This often happens below the level of our consciousness
Limiting innovation preserves the social order
It can be hegemonic if it makes people give their willing consent)
So how free are we?
Our world is governed by a system that we share, how limiting is this?
Lecture Themes:
Language varieties:
1. Language, dialect, as well as language ideologies (ideologies that influence
what people think f as a language and as a dialect)
2, Social variation: accents (he‟ll tell us what his is!!), sociolects (social
dialects), registers (varieties of languages that depend on formality, like Lei
versus tu in Italian)
Hegemony: Three Approaches
Manufacturing consent
Conformity and resistance
Incorporation
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Language Varieties
Language varieties: “language, dialects, accent”
“Language, dialect, and accent:” popular, not scientific terms
Nation, Language, Dialect
Politics and what is a nation has a lot to do with it
“Language is a dialect with an army”
“Languages:”
Danish, Norwegian;
Russian, Ukrainian;
Malay, Indonesian; In Indonesia, although Indonesian wasn‟t one of the
native languages, it had been a lingua franca between the peoples
Serbian, Croatian; written with a different alphabet, Cyrillic and Latin
respectively
These are languages with a state, but each pair is very close to each other, if
you can understand one you can understand the other.
“Dialects:”
Cantonese, Fukinese, Mandarin, etc.;
Tagalog, Ilokano;
These have no state, and no army
Languages:”
Serbian, Croatian;
Hindi, Urdu; different alphabets, but Urdu is an Islamic language in Pakistan
while Hindi is part of the religion in India
These are languages with a religion (and script)
Language Ideology
The closest language to English is Frisian in an area on the border of Holland
where they speak Frisian.
“Die” means good day
“Accents”
Why do foreign accents persist?
They learn another language, and the habits persist so they are still using the
habits from their first language.
Objective reasons: Critical period for leaning
distant
languages
11-14 years of age
People can still do it at the age of 18 or so, but generally they speak a
German tongue
So you need to be 14 years or younger for our brains to be able to speak
a language without an accent
Subjective reasons:
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class